New to Telerik Reporting? Download free 30-day trial

Creating and Customizing OHLC Charts

An OHLC chart displays a series of candlestick or bar markers that represent information about the price movement of a stock over a period of time. The price movement is determined by the open, high, low, and close mark values of the stock price which create the layout of the marker.

Additionally, you can add colors to the markers depending on the movement of the price for this period. If the close level is lower than the open level, it's recognized as a bearish pattern and the color or the fill or the marker changes. In this way, it is easily distinguished from the bullish pattern where the close level is higher than the open level.

The following image shows an example of a Candlestick OHLC chart:

Preview of Graph Item with basic Candlestick Chart


The Graph supports the following OHLC chart types. You can modify the appearance of the OHLC series markers to cover the two most used types of OHLC charts, Candlestick, and Bar.

  • Candlestick marker—The body of the Candlestick marker represents the open and close values of the stock price. The vertical lines (shadows or wicks) represent the high and low values. Based only on the shape of the marker, it is hard to tell if the stock price is rising or falling for the given period. In this case, you can add color to the marker body by using the conditional formatting rules of the data point.

    A Candlestick Marker for the OHLC Chart

  • Bar marker—The Bar markers represent the information about OHLC levels of the price using only lines. The low and high values are shown with a vertical line, and the open and close values are displayed with a horizontal lines. The horizontal line on the left side of the vertical line represents the opening price and the line on the right side represents the closing price. Although the bar marker doesn't need to be colored to understand the trend of the price, you can still apply additional conditional formatting for easier reading of the chart data.

    A Bar Marker for the OHLC Chart

Creating OHLC Charts with the Candlestick Wizard

In this section, you will create a Candlestick chart with the Telerik Reporting Candlestick Wizard. The Wizard is located under the Scatter/Financial Chart menu item.

The report will display the daily changes in a financial marker and its final form will look like the following image:

Preview of the Final OHLC Chart we are going to create in the Standalone Report Designer

The sample report will use a pre-defined CsvDataSource with the following data:


The date field is a DateTime with the dd.MM.yyyy format. The rest of the fields are decimal.

  1. Add a Candlestick (OHLC) Chart as shown in the image below:

    Adding the Telerik Reporting Candlestick (OHLC) Chart Wizard from the Insert Menu Item of the Standalone Report Designer

  2. Select the CsvDataSource, or create it with the Add New Data Source... button and by using the inline CSV above:

    Add DataSource to the OHLC Chart with the Wizard of the Standalone Report Designer

  3. Arrange the Candlestick (OHLC) Chart:

    1. Leave Series empty.
    2. Drag the date field to Categories.
    3. Drag the open field to Open. The wizard will automatically apply the Sum aggregate function.
    4. Drag the high field to High.
    5. Drag the low field to Low.
    6. Drag the close field to Close.
    7. If you click the Set default datapoint styling checkbox, the wizard will add conditional formatting rules that will change the color of the data point depending on the open-close values.

    Arrange the OHLC Chart Series, Categories and Open, High, Low and Close values from the Wizard in the Standalone Report Designer

  4. Do not configure the default DateTime scale settings.

  5. Format the axis labels as follows:

    1. Set the Misc > LabelAngle of the GraphAxis to 270. As a result, the axis labels will be displayed vertically for better appearance.
    2. Set the Misc > Format of the GraphAxis to {0:d}. As a result, the labels will be displayed as dates only.

To see the full implementation of the sample report, refer to the OhlcChart.trdp project on GitHub.

The marker width is automatically calculated based on the following properties:

  • The SpacingSlotCount property of the X scale.
  • The MinMarkerWidth property of the series, which determines the minimum width of the marker, measured in Unit, for example, 10px, 1cm, and so on.

By default, the Wizard sets the MinMarkerWidth to 6px. Note the gaps between 07.07.2017 and 10.07.2017 where no data points are presented.

Since you are using a DateTime field to create the categories, the Wizard will automatically create a DateTimeScale for your X axis. The DateTime scale represents the values in a continuous domain which is the reason for you to see axis labels for 08/07/2017 and 09/07/2017 even if there is no data for these dates.

If you do not want to have such gaps, use a CategoryScale for your X axis.

See Also

In this article