New to Telerik UI for WinForms? Download free 30-day trial

Calculated fields

In this article you will find out how to extend RadPivotGrid's generated report by adding Calculated Fields.

Calculated Fields Description

If your data analysis requires results that are not available using just the data source fields and RadPivotGrid's built-in calculations, you can insert a calculated field that uses a custom formula to derive the results you need. A calculated field is a new data field in which the values are the result of a custom calculation formula. You can display the calculated field along with another data field or on its own. A calculated field is really a custom summary calculation, so in almost all cases, the calculated field references one or more fields in the source data.

Calculated Fields Description

All Calculated Fields that you have added to your LocalDataSourceProvider will be visible in RadPivotFieldList, so the user will be able to add and remove them at runtime. In order to add a calculated field to LocalDataSourceProvider you have to add it to its CalculatedFields collection. So first you have to create a concrete class that implements the abstract class CalculatedField. This requires the implementation of two methods - CalculatedValue and RequiredFields. CalculateValue is the method in which you have to define your calculation formula and create a new AggregateValue that will be shown in RadPivotGrid. In common scenario a Calculated Field reference one or more fields in the data source. The RequiredFields method should return IEnumerable of the required fields. That's why we have added a new class called RequiredField. It's purpose is to describe a field, required for a calculated field. RequiredField can be created for property from the data object or for another calculated field. Name property of CalculatedField class identifies its unique name that will be shown in the UI.

The first task is to decide what the calculation formula that you want to use is. For example, you can show the commission that will be paid to all salespeople. Commission will be paid only to those who have more sold for more than $15 000.The price of the sold items is kept by the ExtendedPrice property from the source. So the new class will look like this:

Custom Calculated Field

public class CommissionCalculatedField : CalculatedField
    private RequiredField extendPriceField;
    public CommissionCalculatedField()
        this.Name = "Commission";
        this.extendPriceField = RequiredField.ForProperty("ExtendedPrice");
    protected override IEnumerable<RequiredField> RequiredFields()
        yield return this.extendPriceField;
    protected override AggregateValue CalculateValue(IAggregateValues aggregateValues)
        var aggregateValue = aggregateValues.GetAggregateValue(this.extendPriceField);
        if (aggregateValue.IsError())
            return aggregateValue;
        double extendedPrice = aggregateValue.ConvertOrDefault<double>();
        if (extendedPrice > 15000)
            return new DoubleAggregateValue(extendedPrice * 0.1);
        return null;

Public Class CommissionCalculatedField
    Inherits CalculatedField
    Private extendPriceField As RequiredField
    Public Sub New()
        Me.Name = "Commission"
        Me.extendPriceField = RequiredField.ForProperty("ExtendedPrice")
    End Sub
    Protected Overrides Function RequiredFields() As IEnumerable(Of RequiredField)
        Return New List(Of RequiredField) From {extendPriceField}
    End Function
    Protected Overrides Function CalculateValue(aggregateValues As IAggregateValues) As AggregateValue
        Dim aggregateValue = aggregateValues.GetAggregateValue(Me.extendPriceField)
        If aggregateValue.IsError() Then
            Return aggregateValue
        End If
        Dim extendedPrice As Double = aggregateValue.ConvertOrDefault(Of Double)()
        If extendedPrice > 15000 Then
            Return New DoubleAggregateValue(extendedPrice * 0.1)
        End If
        Return Nothing
    End Function
End Class

Figure 1: Calculated Field in RadPivotFieldList

WinForms RadPivotGrid Calculated Field in RadPivotFieldList

Now it is time to add a new instance of this class to the CalculatedFields collection of LocalDataSourceProvider:

Adding Calculated Fields

  using (radPivotGrid1.PivotGridElement.DeferRefresh())
      CommissionCalculatedField calculatedField = new CommissionCalculatedField();
      calculatedField.Name = "Commission";

Using radPivotGrid1.PivotGridElement.DeferRefresh()
    Dim calculatedField As New CommissionCalculatedField()
    calculatedField.Name = "Commission"
    DirectCast(Me.radPivotGrid1.DataProvider, LocalDataSourceProvider).CalculatedFields.Add(calculatedField)
End Using

If you add calculated fields in code behind, you have to set the ItemsSource of LocalDataSourceProvider after you have added all calculated fields or to wrap the code between (including setting the ItemsSource ) BeginInit/EndInit methods (or inside using DeferRefresh() { ... } section ).

Figure 2: Calculated Field in RadPivotGrid

WinForms RadPivotGrid Calculated Field in RadPivotGrid

See Also

In this article