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Working with Series

A series is a set of data - a line or a set of columns, for example. All data plotted on a chart comes from the series object.

Series Classes

There are several base classes used to unite the different kinds of series and values they work with.

Structure of classes defining series

SeriesBase Class

The SeriesBase class is the base class for all series in RadSpreadProcessing. It exposes the following members:

  • SeriesType: Gets the type of the series.
  • Title: Gets or sets the title of the series.
  • Outline: Represents the outline of a chart. It is of type Outline.
  • Clone(): Creates a deep copy of the object and returns the cloning.

The differnt types of charts support different types of series. To meet this need, the base class is inherted by the CategoriesSeriesBase and PointSerierBase base classes representing the different series types.

CategorySeriesBase

A base class for all series that use Values and Categories.

  • Values: Gets or sets the data for the values of the series.
  • Categories: Gets or sets the data for the categories of the series.

The CategorySeriesBase is inherited by the following classes, which represent concrete different types of series:

  • AreaSeries
  • LineSeries
  • BarSeries
  • PieSeries

PointSeriesBase

A base class for all series that use X values and Y values.

  • XValues: Gets or sets the data for the X values of the series.
  • YValues: Gets or sets the data for the Y values of the series.

PointSeriesBase is inherited by the following classes, which represent concrete different types of series:

  • ScatterSeries
  • BubbleSeries

Add and Remove Series

The adding of the new series is done through the SeriesCollection Add() method overloads and removing is done through the Remove() method. The first overload throws an exception when the series parameter passed is not of the correct type and the other Add ()overloads create a series of the appropriate type. The overloads of the base SeriesCollection type are listed below:

  • public void Add(SeriesBase series)
  • public SeriesBase Add(IChartData categoriesData, IChartData valuesData, Title title = null)
  • public SeriesBase Add()
  • public void Remove(SeriesBase series)

To better illustrate how you can change the series of a chart, let's take the sample data and chart from Figure 1.

Figure 1: Initial state of a chart

Example 1: Add and remove series from a chart

// The worksheet contains a chart of type bar. 
DocumentChart chart = (worksheet.Shapes.First() as FloatingChartShape).Chart; 
SeriesGroup chartComponent = chart.SeriesGroups.First(); 
SeriesBase firstSeries = chartComponent.Series.First(); 
chartComponent.Series.Remove(firstSeries); 
 
CellRange valuesRange = new CellRange(2, 3, 5, 3); // D3:D6 
CellRange categoriesRange = new CellRange(2, 1, 5, 1); // B3:B6 
CellRange titleRange = new CellRange(1, 3, 1, 3); // B3:B6 
 
WorkbookFormulaChartData valuesData = new WorkbookFormulaChartData(worksheet, valuesRange); 
WorkbookFormulaChartData categoriesData = new WorkbookFormulaChartData(worksheet, categoriesRange); 
Title chartTitle = new FormulaTitle(new WorkbookFormulaChartData(worksheet, titleRange)); 
 
SeriesBase newSeries = chartComponent.Series.Add(categoriesData, valuesData, chartTitle); 
Type seriesType = newSeries.GetType(); // Will be of type BarSeries 

Figure 2: Modified series of a chart

The same methods for adding and removing series can be accessed through the concrete SeriesCollection of the concrete SeriesGroup and they will return concrete Series object.

Example 2: Add series to a chart using concrete SeriesGroup object

BarSeriesGroup chartComponent = chart.SeriesGroups.First() as BarSeriesGroup; BarSeries newSeries = chartComponent.Series.Add(categoriesData, valuesData, chartTitle); 

Iterating the Series of a Chart

You can access the Series property of the SeriesGroup object contained in the SeriesGroups property of the Chart object and iterate the SeriesBase objects in it.

Example 3: Iterate series

DocumentChart chart = (worksheet.Shapes.First() as FloatingChartShape).Chart; 
SeriesGroup seriesGroup = chart.SeriesGroups.First(); 
 
foreach (CategorySeriesBase series in seriesGroup.Series.Where(s => s is CategorySeriesBase)) 
{ 
    if (series.Categories.ChartDataType == ChartDataType.Formula) 
    { 
        Worksheet dataWorksheet; 
        IEnumerable<CellRange> categories = (series.Categories as WorkbookFormulaChartData).EnumerateCellRanges(out dataWorksheet); 
    } 
 
    if (series.Values.ChartDataType == ChartDataType.Formula) 
    { 
        Worksheet dataWorksheet; 
        IEnumerable<CellRange> values = (series.Values as WorkbookFormulaChartData).EnumerateCellRanges(out dataWorksheet); 
    } 
} 

Making Changes to the Series

You can modify the properties of the base class for all series - SeriesBase.

Example 4: Change series

DocumentChart chart = (worksheet.Shapes.First() as FloatingChartShape).Chart; 
SeriesGroup seriesGroup = chart.SeriesGroups.First(); 
CategorySeriesBase firstSeries = seriesGroup.Series.Where(s => s is CategorySeriesBase).First() as CategorySeriesBase; 
 
firstSeries.Title = new TextTitle("New title"); 
firstSeries.Values = new WorkbookFormulaChartData(worksheet, new CellRange(2, 3, 5, 3)); 

There are properties defined on SeriesGroup level. The SeriesGroup base class represents a group of series and is inherited by the classes holding specific types of series. In addition to the SeriesType and Series properties, which give you access to the type of the series and the series collection respectively, there are properties implemented in the inheritors. The additional properties are specific for the type of series and give you control over the appearance of all the series in the group.

BarSeriesGroup

  • BarDirection: The property is of Type BarDirection and its possible values are BarDirection.Bar and BarDirection.Column. Setting the BarDirection to Bar results in a bar chart (horizontal) and setting it to Column results in a column chart (vertical).

DoughnutSeriesGroup

  • HoleSizePercent: DoughnutSeriesGroup defines the HoleSizePercent property. This property enables you to get or set the size of the hole of the doughnut relative to the size of the doughnut. The value of the property is limited to values between 0 and 90.

These properties enable you to control the options for each of the series independently.

BubbleSeries

  • BubbleSizes: Gets or sets the data for the bubble size of the series. It is of type IChartData and you can set it to a specific cell range or directly using values.

LineSeries

  • IsSmooth: A boolean property which determines whether the line of the series is smooth.

  • Marker: Represents the marker of the series. It is of type Marker.

ScatterSeries

  • IsSmooth: A boolean property which determines whether the line of the series is smooth.

  • Marker: Represents the marker of the series. It is of type Marker.

  • ScatterStyle: Determines the style of the scatter series. It is of type ScatterStyle and can have the following values:

    • None: The points on the scatter chart are not connected with straight lines and markers are not drawn.
    • Line: The points on the scatter chart are connected with straight lines but markers are not drawn.
    • LineMarker: The points on the scatter chart are connected with straight lines and markers are drawn.
    • Marker: The points on the scatter chart are not connected with lines and markers are drawn.
    • Smooth: The points on the scatter chart are connected with smoothed lines but markers are not drawn.
    • SmoothMarker: The points on the scatter chart are connected with smoothed lines and markers are drawn.

Example 5: Customize the appearance of ScatterSeries

SeriesGroup scatterSeriesGroup = chart.Chart.SeriesGroups.First() as ScatterSeriesGroup; 
ScatterSeries scatterSeries = scatterSeriesGroup.Series.First() as ScatterSeries; 
scatterSeries.Marker = new Marker(); 
scatterSeries.Marker.Symbol = MarkerStyle.Plus; 
scatterSeries.Marker.Size = 22; 
scatterSeries.Outline.Fill = new SolidFill(Colors.Red); 

Series Grouping

Some series groups (Bar, Line and Area) implement the ISupportGrouping interface. It defines the Grouping property which is of type SeriesGrouping enum. The enum contains the following members: SeriesGrouping.Standard, SeriesGrouping.Stacked and SeriesGrouping.PercentStacked. For the Bar chart, the Standard grouping results in a clustered chart. See the following examples for what the results of different grouping looks like.

Figure 3: Sample data

Example 6: Creating standard/clustered bar chart with vertical orientation

FloatingChartShape chartShape = worksheet.Shapes.AddChart(new CellIndex(10, 1), selectedRange, ChartType.Bar);
(chartShape.Chart.SeriesGroups.First() as ISupportGrouping).Grouping = SeriesGrouping.Standard;

Figure 4: Standard/clustered bar chart with vertical orientation

Example 7: Creating stacked bar chart with vertical orientation

FloatingChartShape chartShape = worksheet.Shapes.AddChart(new CellIndex(10, 1), selectedRange, ChartType.Bar);
(chartShape.Chart.SeriesGroups.First() as ISupportGrouping).Grouping = SeriesGrouping.Stacked;

Figure 5: Stacked bar chart with vertical orientation

Example 8: Creating percent-stacked bar chart with vertical orientation

FloatingChartShape chartShape = worksheet.Shapes.AddChart(new CellIndex(10, 1), selectedRange, ChartType.Bar);
(chartShape.Chart.SeriesGroups.First() as ISupportGrouping).Grouping = SeriesGrouping.PercentStacked;

Figure 6: Percent-stacked bar chart with vertical orientation

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