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Call Original

The CallOriginal method marks a mocked method/property call that should execute the original method/property implementation.

CallOriginal with Void Calls

You can use CallOriginal on methods and properties. This also includes methods that doesn't return a value. Consider the following class:

Sample setup

public class Log 
{ 
    public virtual void Info(string message) 
    { 
        throw new Exception(message); 
    } 
} 
Public Class Log 
    Public Overridable Function Info(ByVal message As String) As String 
        Throw New Exception(message) 
    End Function 
End Class 

Let's arrange its Info method to be called with its original implementation and verify the call.

Example 1: Calling the original implementation

[TestMethod] 
[ExpectedException(typeof(Exception))] 
public void MockAssertOnCallOriginal() 
{ 
    // Arrange 
    var log = Mock.Create<Log>(); 
    Mock.Arrange(() => log.Info(Arg.IsAny<string>())).CallOriginal(); 
 
    // Act 
    log.Info("test"); 
} 
<TestMethod()> 
<ExpectedException(GetType(Exception))> 
Public Sub MockAssertOnCallOriginal() 
    ' Arrange 
    Dim log = Mock.Create(Of Log)() 
    Mock.Arrange(Function() log.Info(Arg.AnyString)).CallOriginal() 
 
    ' Act 
    log.Info("test") 
End Sub 

The call of the Info method throws an exception. To verify this behavior, we use the ExpectedException attribute provided from the Microsoft.VisualStudio.TestTools.UnitTesting namespace (found in Microsoft.VisualStudio.QualityTools.UnitTestFramework.dll).

CallOriginal Depending on Parameter Value

This section shows how you can set up that a call to a method should call the original implementation for one argument and fake for another argument.

For this example, we will use the following sample class:

Sample setup

public class FooBase 
{ 
    public string GetString(string str) 
    { 
        return str; 
    } 
} 
Public Class FooBase 
    Public Function GetString(ByVal str As String) As String 
        Return str 
    End Function 
End Class 

Example 2 shows how to implement the different behavior of the mocked object depending on the parameter value the method is invoked with.

Example 2: Calling original implementation vs customizing method behavior depending on the parameter value

[TestMethod] 
public void ShouldCallOriginalForSpecificArgs() 
{ 
    // Arrange 
    // Create a mock of FooBase. 
    var foo = Mock.Create<FooBase>(); 
 
    // Set up that the original method implementation should be called when the method is called with argument "x". 
    Mock.Arrange(() => foo.GetString("x")).CallOriginal(); 
    // Set up that once the method is called with argument "y", it should return "z". 
    Mock.Arrange(() => foo.GetString("y")).Returns("z"); 
 
    // Act 
    var actualX = string.Empty; 
    var actualY = string.Empty; 
 
    actualX = foo.GetString("x"); 
    actualY = foo.GetString("y"); 
 
    var expectedX = "x"; 
    var expectedY = "z"; 
 
    // Assert 
    Assert.AreEqual(expectedX, actualX); 
    Assert.AreEqual(expectedY, actualY); 
} 
<TestMethod()> 
Public Sub ShouldCallOriginalForSpecificArgs() 
    ' Arrange 
    ' Create a mock of FooBase. 
    Dim foo = Mock.Create(Of FooBase)() 
 
    ' Set up that the original method implementation should be called when the method is called with argument "x". 
    Mock.Arrange(Function() foo.GetString("x")).CallOriginal() 
    ' Set up that once the method is called with argument "y", it should return "z". 
    Mock.Arrange(Function() foo.GetString("y")).Returns("z") 
 
    ' Act 
    Dim actualX = String.Empty 
    Dim actualY = String.Empty 
 
    actualX = foo.GetString("x") 
    actualY = foo.GetString("y") 
 
    Dim expectedX = "x" 
    Dim expectedY = "z" 
 
    ' Assert 
    Assert.AreEqual(expectedX, actualX) 
    Assert.AreEqual(expectedY, actualY) 
End Sub 

See Also

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