# Create Compass

This example will demonstrate how to customize a Radial Gauge to create compass.

For the purpose we'll create a Radial Gauge with the following parameters that define the radial scale range: StartAngle, SweepAngle, Radius and several properties for the layout of the Minor and Major Ticks. The StartAngle and SweepAngle are specified in degrees (0 to 360), starting from the right side of the gauge, going clockwise (note, that positive angle direction starts from positive X and goes to the positive Y. Since the screen coordinates start from top-left, the Y axis points downwards, instead of upwards, the positive direction of the angle is clockwise instead of the mathematically accepted counter-clockwise). The scale Radius and Center are measured as a fraction (0.0 to 1.0) of the space available for scale in the surrounding container. Here is the XAML code:

SweepAngle="360"
Min="0"
Max="360"
MajorTickStep="90"
ShowLastLabel="False"
LabelRotationMode="None"
LabelLocation="Outside"
MajorTickLocation="Inside"
MajorTickOffset="0.05"
MiddleTickLocation="Inside"
MiddleTickRelativeHeight="0.03"
MinorTicks="1"
MiddleTicks="6"
MiddleTickRelativeWidth="0.01"
MiddleTickOffset="0.05" >
<telerik:Needle x:Name="needle" Value="0"/>
<telerik:Pinpoint Background="White" BorderBrush="#FF767676" BorderThickness="1" />

Our gauge looks like this:

To make it look more like compass we'll need to customize the labels so that they are the four cardinal directions - N(North), E(east), S(south) and W(west). To remove the default gauge labels we'll use LabelTemplate. We'll also need to customize the needle. All this will be done via Styles:

<UserControl.Resources>
<telerik:Windows8Colors x:Key="Windows8Colors" />
<SolidColorBrush x:Key="AccentBrush" Color="{Binding Source={StaticResource Windows8Colors}, Path=Palette.AccentColor}" />
<SolidColorBrush x:Key="ValidationBrush" Color="{Binding Source={StaticResource Windows8Colors}, Path=Palette.ValidationColor}" />
<SolidColorBrush x:Key="BasicBrush" Color="{Binding Source={StaticResource Windows8Colors}, Path=Palette.BasicColor}" />
<SolidColorBrush x:Key="StrongBrush" Color="{Binding Source={StaticResource Windows8Colors}, Path=Palette.StrongColor}" />
<SolidColorBrush x:Key="MarkerBrush" Color="{Binding Source={StaticResource Windows8Colors}, Path=Palette.MarkerColor}" />

<DataTemplate x:Key="TickLabelEmpty">
<Grid />
</DataTemplate>

<Style x:Key="CustomNeedle" TargetType="telerik:Needle" >
<Setter Property="telerik:ScaleObject.Location" Value="Inside" />
<Setter Property="telerik:ScaleObject.RelativeWidth" Value="0.03*" />
<Setter Property="Background">
<Setter.Value>
<GradientStop Color="{Binding Source={StaticResource Windows8Colors}, Path=Palette.ValidationColor}" Offset="0"/>
<GradientStop Color="{Binding Source={StaticResource Windows8Colors}, Path=Palette.ValidationColor}" Offset="0.5"/>
<GradientStop Color="{Binding Source={StaticResource Windows8Colors}, Path=Palette.MarkerColor}" Offset="0.51"/>
<GradientStop Color="{Binding Source={StaticResource Windows8Colors}, Path=Palette.MarkerColor}" Offset="1"/>
</Setter.Value>
</Setter>
<Setter Property="TailHeight" Value="0.7" />
</Style>

</UserControl.Resources>
<Grid >
SweepAngle="360"
Min="0"
Max="360"
MajorTickStep="90"
LabelTemplate="{StaticResource TickLabelEmpty}"
LabelRotationMode="None"
LabelLocation="Outside"
MajorTickLocation="Inside"
MajorTickOffset="0.05*"
MiddleTickLocation="Inside"
MiddleTickRelativeHeight="0.03"
MinorTicks="1"
MiddleTicks="6"
MiddleTickRelativeWidth="0.01\"
MiddleTickOffset="0.05*" >
<telerik:Needle x:Name="needle" Value="0"  Style="{StaticResource CustomNeedle}"/>
<telerik:Pinpoint Background="White" BorderBrush="#FF767676" BorderThickness="1" />

<TextBlock Text="N" telerik:ScaleObject.Value="0" />
<TextBlock Text="E" telerik:ScaleObject.Value="90" />
<TextBlock Text="S" telerik:ScaleObject.Value="180" />
<TextBlock Text="W" telerik:ScaleObject.Value="270" />
<Ellipse telerik:ScaleObject.Value="0" />
<Ellipse telerik:ScaleObject.Value="90" />
<Ellipse telerik:ScaleObject.Value="180" />
<Ellipse telerik:ScaleObject.Value="270" />
</Grid>

Here's the result:

You may additionally customize the appearance of the compass. For example we can add an outer border and some custom ticks. The full source code for our compass is shown below:

<UserControl.Resources>
<telerik:Windows8Colors x:Key="Windows8Colors" />
<SolidColorBrush x:Key="AccentBrush" Color="{Binding Source={StaticResource Windows8Colors}, Path=Palette.AccentColor}" />
<SolidColorBrush x:Key="ValidationBrush" Color="{Binding Source={StaticResource Windows8Colors}, Path=Palette.ValidationColor}" />
<SolidColorBrush x:Key="BasicBrush" Color="{Binding Source={StaticResource Windows8Colors}, Path=Palette.BasicColor}" />
<SolidColorBrush x:Key="StrongBrush" Color="{Binding Source={StaticResource Windows8Colors}, Path=Palette.StrongColor}" />
<SolidColorBrush x:Key="MarkerBrush" Color="{Binding Source={StaticResource Windows8Colors}, Path=Palette.MarkerColor}" />

<DataTemplate x:Key="TickLabelEmpty">
<Grid />
</DataTemplate>

<Style x:Key="CustomNeedle" TargetType="telerik:Needle" >
<Setter Property="telerik:ScaleObject.Location" Value="Inside" />
<Setter Property="telerik:ScaleObject.RelativeWidth" Value="0.03*" />
<Setter Property="Background">
<Setter.Value>
<GradientStop Color="{Binding Source={StaticResource Windows8Colors}, Path=Palette.ValidationColor}" Offset="0"/>
<GradientStop Color="{Binding Source={StaticResource Windows8Colors}, Path=Palette.ValidationColor}" Offset="0.5"/>
<GradientStop Color="{Binding Source={StaticResource Windows8Colors}, Path=Palette.MarkerColor}" Offset="0.51"/>
<GradientStop Color="{Binding Source={StaticResource Windows8Colors}, Path=Palette.MarkerColor}" Offset="1"/>
</Setter.Value>
</Setter>
<Setter Property="TailHeight" Value="0.7" />
</Style>

<Style x:Key="CustomTick" TargetType="Ellipse">
<Setter Property="Width" Value="7" />
<Setter Property="Height" Value="7" />
<Setter Property="Stroke" Value="#FF767676" />
<Setter Property="Fill" Value="White" />
<Setter Property="telerik:ScaleObject.Location" Value="Outside" />
<Setter Property="telerik:ScaleObject.Offset" Value="0.01*" />
</Style>
</UserControl.Resources>
<Grid >
telerik:StyleManager.Theme="Windows8" OuterBorderThickness="2" OuterBorderBrush="{StaticResource StrongBrush}">
SweepAngle="360"
Min="0"
Max="360"
MajorTickStep="90"
LabelTemplate="{StaticResource TickLabelEmpty}"
LabelRotationMode="None"
LabelLocation="Outside"
MajorTickLocation="Inside"
MajorTickOffset="0.05*"
MiddleTickLocation="Inside"
MiddleTickRelativeHeight="0.03*"
MinorTicks="1"
MiddleTicks="6"
MiddleTickRelativeWidth="0.01*"
MiddleTickOffset="0.05*" >
<telerik:Needle x:Name="needle" Value="0"  Style="{StaticResource CustomNeedle}"/>
<telerik:Pinpoint Background="White" BorderBrush="#FF767676" BorderThickness="1" />

<TextBlock Text="N" telerik:ScaleObject.Value="0" />
<TextBlock Text="E" telerik:ScaleObject.Value="90" />
<TextBlock Text="S" telerik:ScaleObject.Value="180" />
<TextBlock Text="W" telerik:ScaleObject.Value="270" />

<Ellipse telerik:ScaleObject.Value="0"
Style="{StaticResource CustomTick}"/>
<Ellipse telerik:ScaleObject.Value="90"
Style="{StaticResource CustomTick}"/>
<Ellipse telerik:ScaleObject.Value="180"
Style="{StaticResource CustomTick}"/>
<Ellipse telerik:ScaleObject.Value="270"
Style="{StaticResource CustomTick}"/>