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Getting Started with WPF DragDropManager

This article will demonstrate a basic implementation of the DragDropManager by dragging between two ListBoxes.

In order to use DragDropManager you have to add reference to Telerik.Windows.Controls assembly.

To learn how to use the DragDropManager in a more MVVM-friendly matter though commands, have a look at the "DragDrop Using Commands" demo from our SDK Samples Browser. The source code of the demo is also available in our GitHub repository.

Firstly, for the purpose of this tutorial we will create a business object ApplicationInfo, which will expose a couple of properties as well as a sample collection for populating the ListBoxes. The structure of the class used in this example is shown on the next code snippets:

Create ApplicationInfo

public class ApplicationInfo 
    public Double Price 
    public String IconPath 
    public String Name 
    public String Author 
    public static ObservableCollection<ApplicationInfo> GenerateApplicationInfos() 
        ObservableCollection<ApplicationInfo> result = new ObservableCollection<ApplicationInfo>(); 
        ApplicationInfo info1 = new ApplicationInfo(); 
        info1.Name = "Large Collider"; 
        info1.Author = "C.E.R.N."; 
        info1.IconPath = @"img/Atom.png"; 
        ApplicationInfo info2 = new ApplicationInfo(); 
        info2.Name = "Paintbrush"; 
        info2.Author = "Imagine Inc."; 
        info2.IconPath = @"img/Brush.png"; 
        ApplicationInfo info3 = new ApplicationInfo(); 
        info3.Name = "Lively Calendar"; 
        info3.Author = "Control AG"; 
        info3.IconPath = @"img/CalendarEvents.png"; 
        ApplicationInfo info4 = new ApplicationInfo(); 
        info4.Name = "Fire Burning ROM"; 
        info4.Author = "The CD Factory"; 
        info4.IconPath = @"img/CDBurn.png"; 
        ApplicationInfo info5 = new ApplicationInfo(); 
        info5.Name = "Fav Explorer"; 
        info5.Author = "Star Factory"; 
        info5.IconPath = @"img/favorites.png"; 
        ApplicationInfo info6 = new ApplicationInfo(); 
        info6.Name = "IE Fox"; 
        info6.Author = "Open Org"; 
        info6.IconPath = @"img/Connected.png"; 
        ApplicationInfo info7 = new ApplicationInfo(); 
        info7.Name = "Charting"; 
        info7.Author = "AA-AZ inc"; 
        info7.IconPath = @"img/ChartDot.png"; 
        ApplicationInfo info8 = new ApplicationInfo(); 
        info8.Name = "SuperPlay"; 
        info8.Author = "EB Games"; 
        info8.IconPath = @"img/Games.png"; 
        return result; 
Public Class ApplicationInfo 
 Public Property Price() As [Double] 
   Return m_Price 
  End Get 
   m_Price = Value 
  End Set 
 End Property 
 Private m_Price As [Double] 
 Public Property IconPath() As [String] 
   Return m_IconPath 
  End Get 
   m_IconPath = Value 
  End Set 
 End Property 
 Private m_IconPath As [String] 
 Public Property Name() As [String] 
   Return m_Name 
  End Get 
   m_Name = Value 
  End Set 
 End Property 
 Private m_Name As [String] 
 Public Property Author() As [String] 
   Return m_Author 
  End Get 
   m_Author = Value 
  End Set 
 End Property 
 Private m_Author As [String] 
 Public Shared Function GenerateApplicationInfos() As ObservableCollection(Of ApplicationInfo) 
  Dim result As New ObservableCollection(Of ApplicationInfo)() 
  Dim info1 As New ApplicationInfo() 
  info1.Name = "Large Collider" 
  info1.Author = "C.E.R.N." 
  info1.IconPath = "img/Atom.png" 
  Dim info2 As New ApplicationInfo() 
  info2.Name = "Paintbrush" 
  info2.Author = "Imagine Inc." 
  info2.IconPath = "img/Brush.png" 
  Dim info3 As New ApplicationInfo() 
  info3.Name = "Lively Calendar" 
  info3.Author = "Control AG" 
  info3.IconPath = "img/CalendarEvents.png" 
  Dim info4 As New ApplicationInfo() 
  info4.Name = "Fire Burning ROM" 
  info4.Author = "The CD Factory" 
  info4.IconPath = "img/CDBurn.png" 
  Dim info5 As New ApplicationInfo() 
  info5.Name = "Fav Explorer" 
  info5.Author = "Star Factory" 
  info5.IconPath = "img/favorites.png" 
  Dim info6 As New ApplicationInfo() 
  info6.Name = "IE Fox" 
  info6.Author = "Open Org" 
  info6.IconPath = "img/Connected.png" 
  Dim info7 As New ApplicationInfo() 
  info7.Name = "Charting" 
  info7.Author = "AA-AZ inc" 
  info7.IconPath = "img/ChartDot.png" 
  Dim info8 As New ApplicationInfo() 
  info8.Name = "SuperPlay" 
  info8.Author = "EB Games" 
  info8.IconPath = "img/Games.png" 
  Return result 
 End Function 
End Class 

Then we need to define our ListBoxes with suitable ItemTemplates. We also enable dragging the ListBoxItems (through style) and allow drop to each of the ListBoxes (through setting AllowDrop property):

Define ListBoxes, style and DataTemplate

<Grid x:Name="LayoutRoot" Background="White"> 
          <Style TargetType="ListBoxItem"> 
              <Setter Property="telerik:DragDropManager.AllowCapturedDrag" Value="True"></Setter> 
          <DataTemplate x:Key="ApplicationTemplate"> 
              <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal"> 
                  <Image Source="{Binding IconPath}"/> 
                  <TextBlock Margin="5" Text="{Binding Name}" VerticalAlignment="Center"></TextBlock> 
       <ListBox x:Name="ApplicationList" ItemTemplate="{StaticResource ApplicationTemplate}" AllowDrop="True"/> 
       <ListBox x:Name="MyAppList" Background="Gray" Grid.Column="1"   
                ItemTemplate="{StaticResource ApplicationTemplate}" AllowDrop="True"/> 

To use the DragDropManager and its components in XAML you have to declare the following namespace: xmlns:telerik=""

Afterwards we need to set the ItemsSource of the controls:

Set ItemsSource

ApplicationList.ItemsSource = ApplicationInfo.GenerateApplicationInfos(); 
MyAppList.ItemsSource = new ObservableCollection<ApplicationInfo>(); 
ApplicationList.ItemsSource = ApplicationInfo.GenerateApplicationInfos() 
MyAppList.ItemsSource = New ObservableCollection(Of ApplicationInfo)() 

Attach Drag-Drop event handlers

DragDropManager.AddDragInitializeHandler(ApplicationList, OnDragInitialize); 
DragDropManager.AddDragInitializeHandler(MyAppList, OnDragInitialize); 
DragDropManager.AddGiveFeedbackHandler(ApplicationList, OnGiveFeedback); 
DragDropManager.AddGiveFeedbackHandler(MyAppList, OnGiveFeedback); 
DragDropManager.AddDragDropCompletedHandler(ApplicationList, OnDragCompleted); 
DragDropManager.AddDragDropCompletedHandler(MyAppList, OnDragCompleted); 
DragDropManager.AddDropHandler(ApplicationList, OnDrop); 
DragDropManager.AddDropHandler(MyAppList, OnDrop);   
DragDropManager.AddDragInitializeHandler(ApplicationList, New DragInitializeEventHandler(AddressOf OnDragInitialize)) 
DragDropManager.AddDragInitializeHandler(MyAppList, New DragInitializeEventHandler(AddressOf OnDragInitialize)) 
DragDropManager.AddGiveFeedbackHandler(ApplicationList, New GiveFeedbackEventHandler(AddressOf OnGiveFeedback)) 
DragDropManager.AddGiveFeedbackHandler(MyAppList, New GiveFeedbackEventHandler(AddressOf OnGiveFeedback)) 
DragDropManager.AddDragDropCompletedHandler(ApplicationList, New DragDropCompletedEventHandler(AddressOf OnDragDropCompleted)) 
DragDropManager.AddDragDropCompletedHandler(MyAppList, New DragDropCompletedEventHandler(AddressOf OnDragDropCompleted)) 
DragDropManager.AddDropHandler(ApplicationList, New DragEventHandler(AddressOf OnDrop)) 
DragDropManager.AddDropHandler(MyAppList, New DragEventHandler(AddressOf OnDrop))    

For more information about the available events, check out the Events article.

Then on DragInitialize we define the data that will be dragged as well as the visual representation. We also set DragDropEffects to all to allow drop on all scenarios.

Implement OnDragInitialize

private void OnDragInitialize(object sender, DragInitializeEventArgs args) 
    args.AllowedEffects = DragDropEffects.All; 
    var payload = DragDropPayloadManager.GeneratePayload(null); 
    var data = ((FrameworkElement)args.OriginalSource).DataContext; 
    payload.SetData("DragData", data); 
    args.Data = payload; 
    args.DragVisual = new ContentControl { Content = data, ContentTemplate = LayoutRoot.Resources["ApplicationTemplate"] as DataTemplate }; 
Private Sub OnDragInitialize(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal args As DragInitializeEventArgs) 
    args.AllowedEffects = DragDropEffects.All 
    Dim payload = DragDropPayloadManager.GeneratePayload(Nothing) 
    Dim data = CType(args.OriginalSource, FrameworkElement).DataContext 
    payload.SetData("DragData", data) 
    args.Data = payload 
    args.DragVisual = New ContentControl With {.Content = data, .ContentTemplate = TryCast(LayoutRoot.Resources("ApplicationTemplate"), DataTemplate)} 
End Sub 

In order for the DragInitialize method to occur, the DragDropManager.AllowCapturedDrag attached property has to be set on the source element. In this example, this is set via the Style that targets the ListBoxItem element.

We also set mouse cursor to be arrow:

Implement OnGiveFeedback

private void OnGiveFeedback(object sender, Telerik.Windows.DragDrop.GiveFeedbackEventArgs args) 
    args.Handled = true; 
Private Sub OnGiveFeedback(sender As Object, args As Telerik.Windows.DragDrop.GiveFeedbackEventArgs) 
 args.Handled = True 
End Sub 

Finally, we add logic, that will be executed when drag and drop operations finish:

Implement OnDrop

private void OnDrop(object sender, Telerik.Windows.DragDrop.DragEventArgs args) 
    var data = ((DataObject)args.Data).GetData("DragData"); 
    ((IList)(sender as ListBox).ItemsSource).Add(data); 
public void OnDragCompleted(object sender, Telerik.Windows.DragDrop.DragDropCompletedEventArgs args) 
    var data = DragDropPayloadManager.GetDataFromObject(args.Data, "DragData"); 
    ((IList)(sender as ListBox).ItemsSource).Remove(data); 
Private Sub OnDrop(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal args As Telerik.Windows.DragDrop.DragEventArgs) 
    Dim data = CType(args.Data, DataObject).GetData("DragData") 
    CType((TryCast(sender, ListBox)).ItemsSource, IList).Add(data) 
End Sub 
Public Sub OnDragCompleted(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal args As Telerik.Windows.DragDrop.DragDropCompletedEventArgs) 
    Dim data = DragDropPayloadManager.GetDataFromObject(args.Data, "DragData") 
    CType((TryCast(sender, ListBox)).ItemsSource, IList).Remove(data) 
End Sub 

Drag between ListBoxes

Drag between ListBoxes

By default the DragDropManager shows the drag visual in a separate window. You have the option to set the UseAdornerLayer property of the DragDropManager. After this property is set to True, the drag visual will be shown in the AdornerLayer of the MainWindow.

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See Also

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