Blob Storage

Azure Blob storage is a service for storing large amounts of unstructured object data, such as text or binary data, that can be accessed from anywhere in the world via HTTP or HTTPS. You can use Blob storage to expose data publicly to the world, or to store application data privately. This article will demonstrate how one can use this service from a WPF application and manage the uploaded files.

Set up storage account

For the purposes of this article, you will have to create an Azure Blob Storage account.

Step 1: Create the WPF Application

Create a standard WPF application and add 3 RadButtons and a RadListBox to it. The first button will list all of the files uploaded in our storage. The second button will upload a file and the third one will delete the selected file in the RadListBox.

Example 1: Defining the view

<Grid> 
    <Grid.ColumnDefinitions> 
        <ColumnDefinition Width="250" /> 
        <ColumnDefinition /> 
    </Grid.ColumnDefinitions> 
 
    <telerik:RadListBox x:Name="radListBox" ItemsSource="{Binding FileNames}" SelectedItem="{Binding SelectedItem, Mode=TwoWay}" /> 
 
    <Grid Grid.Column="1"> 
        <Grid.RowDefinitions> 
            <RowDefinition Height="Auto" /> 
            <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/> 
            <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/> 
        </Grid.RowDefinitions> 
 
        <telerik:RadButton Command="{Binding ListItemsCommand}"  Content="List Items"/> 
        <telerik:RadButton Command="{Binding UploadItemCommand}" Content="Upload Item" Grid.Row="1"/> 
        <telerik:RadButton Command="{Binding DeleteItemCommand}" Content="Delete item" Grid.Row="2"/> 
    </Grid> 
</Grid> 

Step 2: Install the NuGet package

Open the NuGet Package Manager and install the WindowsAzure.Storage package.

aws-blob-storage-nuget

Step 3: Define the ViewModel

The next step is to create the ViewModel. It will need an CloudStorageAccount, CloudBlobContainer and a CloudBlobClient which will be used for connecting to your storage account and for managing the data. We also need to implement all of the commands that the RadButtons are bound to.

Example 2: Defining the ViewModel

public class ViewModel 
{ 
    private string connectionString; 
    CloudStorageAccount storageAccount; 
    CloudBlobContainer cloudBlobContainer; 
    CloudBlobClient cloudBlobClient; 
 
    private object selectedItem; 
    private ObservableCollection<string> fileNames; 
    private IFileDialogService fileDialogService; 
 
    public ViewModel(string connectionString, IFileDialogService fileDialogService) 
    { 
        this.fileNames = new ObservableCollection<string>(); 
        this.ListItemsCommand = new DelegateCommand(OnListItems); 
        this.UploadItemCommand = new DelegateCommand(OnUploadItem); 
        this.DeleteItemCommand = new DelegateCommand(OnDeleteItem); 
        this.fileDialogService = fileDialogService; 
 
        this.connectionString = connectionString; 
 
        if (CloudStorageAccount.TryParse(connectionString, out storageAccount)) 
        { 
            // Connection string is valid and the storageAccount variable is set 
            cloudBlobClient = storageAccount.CreateCloudBlobClient(); 
            // Create a new Container with a unique name 
            cloudBlobContainer = cloudBlobClient.GetContainerReference("mytestcontainer" + Guid.NewGuid().ToString()); 
            cloudBlobContainer.Create(); 
        } 
        else 
        { 
            MessageBox.Show("Could not connect to storage account"); 
        } 
    } 
 
    public object SelectedItem 
    { 
        get { return this.selectedItem; } 
        set { this.selectedItem = value; } 
    } 
 
    public ObservableCollection<string> FileNames 
    { 
        get { return this.fileNames; } 
        set { this.fileNames = value; } 
    } 
 
    private ICommand listItemsCommand; 
 
    public ICommand ListItemsCommand 
    { 
        get { return this.listItemsCommand; } 
        set { this.listItemsCommand = value; } 
    } 
 
    private ICommand deleteItemCommand; 
 
    public ICommand DeleteItemCommand 
    { 
        get { return this.deleteItemCommand; } 
        set { this.deleteItemCommand = value; } 
    } 
 
    private ICommand uploadItemCommand; 
 
    public ICommand UploadItemCommand 
    { 
        get { return this.uploadItemCommand; } 
        set { this.uploadItemCommand = value; } 
    } 
 
    private void OnDeleteItem(object obj) 
    { 
        if (this.SelectedItem == null) 
        { 
            MessageBox.Show("Please select an Item"); 
            return; 
        } 
 
        var blockBlob = cloudBlobContainer.GetBlockBlobReference(this.SelectedItem.ToString()); 
        blockBlob.DeleteIfExists(); 
    } 
 
    private void OnUploadItem(object obj) 
    { 
        var fileName = fileDialogService.OpenFileDialog(); 
 
        CloudBlockBlob cloudBlockBlob = cloudBlobContainer.GetBlockBlobReference(fileName); 
        cloudBlockBlob.UploadFromFile(fileName); 
    } 
 
    private void OnListItems(object obj) 
    { 
        var blobs = cloudBlobContainer.ListBlobs(useFlatBlobListing: true); 
 
        this.FileNames.Clear(); 
 
        foreach (CloudBlockBlob blob in blobs) 
        { 
            this.FileNames.Add(blob.Name); 
        } 
    } 
} 
Public Class ViewModel 
    Private connectionString As String 
    Private storageAccount As CloudStorageAccount 
    Private cloudBlobContainer As CloudBlobContainer 
    Private cloudBlobClient As CloudBlobClient 
 
 
    Private _selectedItem As Object 
    Private _fileNames As ObservableCollection(Of String) 
    Private fileDialogService As IFileDialogService 
 
    Public Sub New(ByVal connectionString As String, ByVal fileDialogService As IFileDialogService) 
        Me._fileNames = New ObservableCollection(Of String)() 
        Me.ListItemsCommand = New DelegateCommand(AddressOf OnListItems) 
        Me.UploadItemCommand = New DelegateCommand(AddressOf OnUploadItem) 
        Me.DeleteItemCommand = New DelegateCommand(AddressOf OnDeleteItem) 
        Me.fileDialogService = fileDialogService 
 
        Me.connectionString = connectionString 
 
        If CloudStorageAccount.TryParse(connectionString, storageAccount) Then 
            ' Connection string is valid and the storageAccount variable is set 
            cloudBlobClient = storageAccount.CreateCloudBlobClient() 
            ' Create a new Container with a unique name 
            cloudBlobContainer = cloudBlobClient.GetContainerReference("mytestcontainer" & Guid.NewGuid().ToString()) 
            cloudBlobContainer.Create() 
        Else 
            MessageBox.Show("Could not connect to storage account") 
        End If 
    End Sub 
 
    Public Property SelectedItem() As Object 
        Get 
            Return Me._selectedItem 
        End Get 
        Set(ByVal value As Object) 
            Me._selectedItem = value 
        End Set 
    End Property 
 
    Public Property FileNames() As ObservableCollection(Of String) 
        Get 
            Return Me._fileNames 
        End Get 
        Set(ByVal value As ObservableCollection(Of String)) 
            Me._fileNames = value 
        End Set 
    End Property 
 
 
    Private _listItemsCommand As ICommand 
 
    Public Property ListItemsCommand() As ICommand 
        Get 
            Return Me._listItemsCommand 
        End Get 
        Set(ByVal value As ICommand) 
            Me._listItemsCommand = value 
        End Set 
    End Property 
 
 
    Private _deleteItemCommand As ICommand 
 
    Public Property DeleteItemCommand() As ICommand 
        Get 
            Return Me._deleteItemCommand 
        End Get 
        Set(ByVal value As ICommand) 
            Me._deleteItemCommand = value 
        End Set 
    End Property 
 
    Private _uploadItemCommand As ICommand 
 
    Public Property UploadItemCommand() As ICommand 
        Get 
            Return Me._uploadItemCommand 
        End Get 
        Set(ByVal value As ICommand) 
            Me._uploadItemCommand = value 
        End Set 
    End Property 
 
    Private Sub OnDeleteItem(ByVal obj As Object) 
        If Me.SelectedItem Is Nothing Then 
            MessageBox.Show("Please select an Item") 
            Return 
        End If 
 
        Dim blockBlob = cloudBlobContainer.GetBlockBlobReference(Me.SelectedItem.ToString()) 
        blockBlob.DeleteIfExists() 
    End Sub 
 
    Private Sub OnUploadItem(ByVal obj As Object) 
        Dim fileName = fileDialogService.OpenFileDialog() 
 
        Dim cloudBlockBlob As CloudBlockBlob = cloudBlobContainer.GetBlockBlobReference(fileName) 
        cloudBlockBlob.UploadFromFile(fileName) 
    End Sub 
 
    Private Sub OnListItems(ByVal obj As Object) 
        Dim blobs = cloudBlobContainer.ListBlobs(useFlatBlobListing:= True) 
 
        Me.FileNames.Clear() 
 
        For Each blob As CloudBlockBlob In blobs 
            Me.FileNames.Add(blob.Name) 
        Next blob 
    End Sub 

End Class

Step 4: Define the OpenFileDialogService

The only thing left is to define the interface through which we are opening the RadOpenFileDialog. We also need to define the implementation of that interface which will simply open a RadOpenFileDialog and return the path of the opened file.

Example 3: Defining the OpenFileDialogService and IFileDialogService

public interface IFileDialogService 
{ 
    string OpenFileDialog(); 
} 
 
public class OpenFileDialogService : IFileDialogService 
{ 
    public string OpenFileDialog() 
    { 
        RadOpenFileDialog choosefiledialog = new RadOpenFileDialog(); 
        choosefiledialog.Filter = "All Files (.)|."; 
        choosefiledialog.FilterIndex = 1; 
        choosefiledialog.Multiselect = false; 
        choosefiledialog.ShowDialog(); 
 
        if (choosefiledialog.DialogResult == true) 
        { 
            return choosefiledialog.FileName; 
        } 
 
        return string.Empty; 
    } 
} 
Interface IFileDialogService 
    Function OpenFileDialog() As String 
End Interface 
 
Public Class OpenFileDialogService 
Inherits IFileDialogService 
 
    Public Function OpenFileDialog() As String 
        Dim choosefiledialog As RadOpenFileDialog = New RadOpenFileDialog() 
        choosefiledialog.Filter = "All Files (.)|." 
        choosefiledialog.FilterIndex = 1 
        choosefiledialog.Multiselect = False 
        choosefiledialog.ShowDialog() 
        If choosefiledialog.DialogResult = True Then 
            Return choosefiledialog.FileName 
        End If 
 
        Return String.Empty 
    End Function 
End Class 

All that is left is to set the DataContext to our ViewModel and pass an instance of the OpenFileDialogService and the connection string of the storage account.

Example 4: Set the DataContext

public MainWindow() 
{ 
    InitializeComponent(); 
    var connectionString = "myConnectionString"; 
    this.DataContext = new ViewModel(connectionString, new OpenFileDialogService()); 
} 
Public Sub New() 
    InitializeComponent() 
    Dim connectionString = "myConnectionString" 
    Me.DataContext = New ViewModel(connectionString, New OpenFileDialogService()) 
End Sub 

You can find the connection string in the All settings of your storage account in the Access keys section.

Figure 1: Example after uploading a file and listing it in the Office2016 theme

azure-blob-storage-upload

See Also

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