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How to drag a file from the File Explorer and drop it to RadGridView

Environment

Product Version Product Author
2020.3.915 RadGridView for WinForms Nadya Karaivanova

Description

A common requirement is to implement drag-drop behavior between controls. The first approach is to implement drag-drop operations between RadControls, e.g. between two RadGridViews or between RadGridView and RadTreeView, etc. In this case you can use the respective RadDragDropService. RadDragDropService represents a service that manages drag and drop actions in RadControls. According to the used control you can find the appropriate RadDragDropService, for example RadGridView handles the whole drag and drop operations by its RadGridViewDragDropService, RadTreeView offers TreeViewDragDropService, etc. A table with the respective RadControl and its RadDragDropService is available here

The second approach it to implement drag-drop operations between RadControls, e.g. RadGridView and a standart MS control, e.g. GridView, TreeView or File Explorer. In this case, it is suitable to use the Ole drag-and-drop functionality that Microsoft offers.

In this tutorial, I will demonstrate how you can achieve drag-and-drop functionality between File Explorer and RadGridView.

drag-drop-from-file-explorer.gif

Solution

In order to achieve this, you should carefully follow the steps described here.

To perform a drop:

  1. Set the AllowDrop property to true.

  2. In the DragEnter event for the control where the drop will occur, ensure that the data being dragged is of an acceptable type by using the respective effect from DragDropEffects enumeration.

  3. In the DragDrop event for the control is where the drop will occur. In order to detect which is the row the file is dropped to you can use the GetElementAtPoint method to check if the element is GridDataCellElement and get the row as well as the row index.

A full code snippet is demonstrated below

Drag a file from File Explorer and drop it to RadGridView

public RadForm1()
{
    InitializeComponent();
    this.radGridView1.Columns.Add("Files");
    this.radGridView1.AutoSizeColumnsMode = GridViewAutoSizeColumnsMode.Fill;
    this.radGridView1.AllowDrop = true;
    this.radGridView1.DragEnter += this.RadGridView1_DragEnter;
    this.radGridView1.DragDrop += this.RadGridView1_DragDrop;
}
private void RadGridView1_DragDrop(object sender, DragEventArgs e)
{
    if (e.Data.GetDataPresent(DataFormats.FileDrop))
    {
        Point pt = this.radGridView1.PointToClient(new Point(e.X, e.Y));
        GridDataCellElement cellElement = this.radGridView1.ElementTree.GetElementAtPoint(pt) as GridDataCellElement;
        if (cellElement != null)
        {
            GridViewRowInfo row = cellElement.RowInfo;
            int rowIndex = cellElement.RowIndex;
        }
        string[] files = (string[])e.Data.GetData(DataFormats.FileDrop);

        foreach (var file in files)
        {
            this.radGridView1.Rows.Add(file);
        }
    }
}

private void RadGridView1_DragEnter(object sender, DragEventArgs e)
{
    e.Effect = DragDropEffects.All;
}


 Public Sub New()
     InitializeComponent()
     Me.RadGridView1.Columns.Add("Files")
     Me.RadGridView1.AutoSizeColumnsMode = GridViewAutoSizeColumnsMode.Fill
     Me.RadGridView1.AllowDrop = True
     AddHandler Me.RadGridView1.DragEnter, AddressOf Me.RadGridView1_DragEnter
     AddHandler Me.RadGridView1.DragDrop, AddressOf Me.RadGridView1_DragDrop
 End Sub

 Private Sub RadGridView1_DragDrop(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As DragEventArgs)
     If e.Data.GetDataPresent(DataFormats.FileDrop) Then
         Dim pt As Point = Me.RadGridView1.PointToClient(New Point(e.X, e.Y))
         Dim cellElement As GridDataCellElement = TryCast(Me.RadGridView1.ElementTree.GetElementAtPoint(pt), GridDataCellElement)

         If cellElement IsNot Nothing Then
             Dim row As GridViewRowInfo = cellElement.RowInfo
             Dim rowIndex As Integer = cellElement.RowIndex
         End If
         Dim files As String() = CType(e.Data.GetData(DataFormats.FileDrop), String())
         For Each file In files
             Me.RadGridView1.Rows.Add(file)
         Next
     End If
 End Sub

 Private Sub RadGridView1_DragEnter(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As DragEventArgs)
     e.Effect = DragDropEffects.All
 End Sub


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