This help article will demonstrate a step by step tutorial how to customize the ControlDefault theme for RadCheckBox and change the back color of the checkmark:
Open VisualStyleBuilder: Start menu (Start >> Programs >> Telerik >> UI for WinForms [version] >> Tools).
Export the built-in themes in a specific folder by selecting File >> Export Built-in Themes.
Load a desired theme from the just exported files by selecting File >> Open Package
Select RadCheckBoxElement in Controls Structure on the left side. Then, select CheckMarkBackGround in the Elements section.
Modify the applied fill repository item.
Save the theme by selecting File >> Save As.
Now, you can apply your custom theme to RadCheckBox by using the demonstrated approach in the following link: Using custom themes