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Show and Hide Columns in All Detail Grids Simultaneously

Environment

Product Progress Kendo UI Grid

Description

How can I apply column visibility changes to one detail Grid and then implement them to all the detail Grids in a hierarchical Grid?

Solution

Synchronize the visibility of the detail columns in the hierarchical Grid:

  1. Add the columnHide and columnShow event handlers to the detail Grids.
  2. Declare an object variable that stores the visible state of the columns.
  3. Use the dataBound event of the Grid to initially populate the visible state of the columns and to restore them when a new Grid is loaded.
  4. When a column is hidden or shown in one of the Grids, manually hide or show the column in all other Grids that are loaded and store its new state.

The following example demonstrates the full implementation of the suggested approach.

    <div id="grid"></div>

    <script>
      /* Declare an object to store detail Grid columns visibility state.
         You can store this object in localStorage if you want to persist the state
         between page reloads */
      var detailColsVisibility = {};
      $(document).ready(function() {

        var element = $("#grid").kendoGrid({
          dataSource: {
            type: "odata",
            transport: {
              read: "https://demos.telerik.com/kendo-ui/service/Northwind.svc/Employees"
            },
            pageSize: 6
          },
          height: 600,
          sortable: true,
          pageable: true,
          detailInit: detailInit,
          dataBound: function() {
            this.expandRow(this.tbody.find("tr.k-master-row").first());
          },
          columns: [
            {
              field: "FirstName",
              title: "First Name",
              width: "110px"
            },
            {
              field: "LastName",
              title: "Last Name",
              width: "110px"
            },
            {
              field: "Country"
            }
          ]
        });
      });

      function detailInit(e) {
        $("<div/>").appendTo(e.detailCell).kendoGrid({
          dataSource: {
            type: "odata",
            transport: {
              read: "https://demos.telerik.com/kendo-ui/service/Northwind.svc/Orders"
            },
            pageSize: 3,
            filter: { field: "EmployeeID", operator: "eq", value: e.data.EmployeeID }
          },
          scrollable: false,
          sortable: true,
          pageable: true,
          columns: [
            { field: "OrderID", width: "110px" },
            { field: "ShipCountry", title:"Ship Country", width: "110px" },
            { field: "ShipAddress", title:"Ship Address" },
            { field: "ShipName", title: "Ship Name", width: "300px" }
          ],
          columnMenu: true,
          dataBound: function(e){
            var grid = this;
            var columns = grid.columns;
            // populate initial columns list if the detailColsVisibility object is empty
            if(Object.getOwnPropertyNames(detailColsVisibility).length == 0){
              for(var i = 0; i < columns.length; i++){
                detailColsVisibility[columns[i].field] = !columns[i].hidden;
              }
            }
            else {
              // restore columns visibility state using the stored values
              for(var i = 0; i < columns.length; i++){
                var column = columns[i];
                if(detailColsVisibility[column.field]){
                  grid.showColumn(column);
                }
                else {
                  grid.hideColumn(column);
                }
              }
            }
          },
          columnHide: function(e){
            // hide column in all other detail Grids
            showHideAll(false, e.column.field, e.sender.element);
            // store new visibility state of column
            detailColsVisibility[e.column.field] = false;

          },
          columnShow: function(e){
            // show column in all other detail Grids
            showHideAll(true, e.column.field, e.sender.element);
            // store new visibility state of column
            detailColsVisibility[e.column.field] = true;
          }
        });

      }
      function showHideAll(show, field, element){
        // find the master Grid element
        var parentGridElement = element.parents(".k-grid");
        // find all Grid widgets inside the mater Grid element
        var detailGrids = parentGridElement.find(".k-grid");
        //traverse detail Grids and show/hide the column with the given field name
        for(var i = 0; i < detailGrids.length; i++){
          var grid = $(detailGrids[i]).data("kendoGrid");
          if(show){
            grid.showColumn(field);
          }
          else {
            grid.hideColumn(field);
          }
        }
      }
    </script>
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