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PDF Overview


Note that the RadTreeList will render as an XHTML table and will convert that table to a PDF document. This requires that the rendered treelist output is valid XHTML . If it is not,you will receive an exception that the export cannot be completed.
The most common cause for bad XHTML are symbols like < , > , & that need to be replaced by the correct XHTML entity: & l t ; , & g t ; , & a m p ; respectively. Another frequent problem are unclosed tags.

PDF specific settings and events

Name Description
AllowAdd / AllowCopy / AllowModify / AllowPrinting Boolean properties that determines whether the corresponding action is allowed for the generated PDF file
Author / Creator / Keywords / Producer / Subject / Title PDF document specific information
DefaultFontFamily Specifies the default font
PageTitle Sets the page title (appears on the top of the page)
PaperSize / PageWidth / PageHeight These properties are related to the size of the generated page. You can either use the PaperSize to supply a predefined value( A4 , Letter , JIS B5 , etc) or define the size manually using PageWidth / PageHeight . Please note that the values set to the PageWidth / PageHeight properties have a higher priority than the PaperSize
PageBottomMargin / PageTopMargin / PageLeftMargin / PageRightMargin / PageFooterMargin / PageHeaderMargin All the page margins could be controlled via these settings
RotatePaper You can switch the orientation of the page through this property
UserPassword Used to set a password and enable password protection for the exported file
    <Pdf PageTitle="My Page" PaperSize="A4" RotatePaper="true"  />

OnPdfExporting event

The reason for having separate OnPdfExporting event is that by the time the OnExporting event is raised, the Pdf output is already generated and ready for adding to the response. Some cases where the OnPdfExporting event is helpful, is when you want to modify the output - for example, you can add HTML to the e.RawHTML. However, please note that will be part of your custom logic and we do not support it.

Fonts / Unicode support

RadTreeList's PDF exporting engine supports all languages that use left-to-rightorientation when the appropriate Unicode font is set. The most common international font is Arial Unicode MS because it covers all Unicode characters. Of course, you can use other language-specific fonts as Batang for Korean, SimSun for Chinese, MS Mincho for Japanese and etc.

The default font of the generated pages is specified by the DefaultFontFamily property:

    <Pdf DefaultFontFamily="Arial Unicode MS" />

Also, you can dynamically set fonts to the row elements in the same manner used to set background-colors:

item["OriginalName"].Style["font-family"] = "Arial Unicode MS";
item("OriginalName").Style("font-family") = "Arial Unicode MS"

Exporting HTML tables

There are a few rules that should be followed when exporting HTML tables to PDF:

  • The table should define and elements

  • The number of col elements should be equal to the number of the columns in the table body

  • Width in pixels (or another absolute units) should be set to the table

 <table width="300px">
    <col />
    <col />

Unsupported features / scenarios

Although we are striving to constantly improve our products, there are some limitations in the current implementation of our PDF engine

  • Image transparency

  • Right-to-left fonts

  • Nested DIV elements with absolute position

  • Nested DIV elements with specified width or height

  • Automatic text clipping

  • Client-side binding

  • Medium trust


  • At least one of minimum, optimum, or maximum IPD must be specified on table

Reason: Nested tables should have width in pixels

  • The '*' character, hexadecimal value 0x2A, cannot be included in a name

The default pager's RadComboBox uses special CSS approach that is unsupported by thePDF parser

  • Telerik.Web.Apoc.ApocException: fo:block must be child of fo:basic-link, fo:block, fo:block-container, fo:float, fo:flow,fo:footnote-body, fo:inline, fo:inline-container, fo:list-item-body, fo:list-item-label, fo:marker, fo:multi-case, fo:static-content, fo:table-caption,fo:table-cell or fo:wrapper not fo:table-header

This exception is probably result of a hard pagebreak, inserted in a wrong place - for example directlyafter the starting tag of a table

  • System.IndexOutOfRangeException: Index was outside the bounds of the array. at Telerik.Web.Apoc.Render.Pdf.Fonts.Type2CIDSubsetFont.GetWidth(Int32 charIndex)

You are either using RTL fonts or mixing Korean characters with another language in thesame element (rare scenario)

  • Unable to cast object of type 'Telerik.Web.Apoc.Layout.BlockArea' to type 'Telerik.Web.Apoc.Layout.AreaContainer'

Most probably you have DIV element with specified dimensions or absolute positioning. Remove the relevantwidth/height/position attributes to avoid this exception.

  • System.Security.SecurityException: Request for the permission of type 'System.Security.Permissions.FileIOPermission

RadTreeList's PDF export engine doesn't work in medium trust.

  • Telerik.Web.Apoc.ApocException: internal-destination or external-destination must be specified in basic-link

PDF engine is trying to resolve empty anchorURL. Please note, that the anchor links are supported only when valid URL is supplied. Example:

<a href="#">text</a>

<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/struct/links.html#h-12.2">W3.ORG</a>

See Also