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Prevent the Grid from wrapping text in multiple lines and show ellipsis

Environment

Product Grid for Blazor, TreeList for Blazor

Description

I am using the TelerikGrid component for Blazor. One of my columns contains a long text, like a description and the Grid wraps it in multiple lines. I would like to prevent that from happening and show the maximum amount of text depending on the column width and after that put an ellipsis (...).

Solution

In order to prevent the Grid from wrapping the text in multiple lines you can use CSS and target the <td> HTML tags, which contain the data. In order to make that easier you can take advantage of the OnCellRender event that the component exposes.

You can achieve the same behavior if you use the Template instead of the OnCellRender event. If you choose to go for the Template approach you should wrap the (context as <YourModel>).FieldName into a HTML element and add the CSS class to the class attribute of that element.

You might still want to allow the user to see the whole content, so you can enable the Resizable parameter of the Grid. If, however, the content is too long, the user should resize a lot in order to see the cell content. To cover such scenario, you can display the full content in a separate container. One option would be to use a Window component and handle some of the Grid events to display it (OnRowClick, OnRowDoubleClick). Another approach is to show a Tooltip on hover of the cell (similar example is available in Tooltip in Grid knowledge base article). The solution below showcases a sample implementation of the first mentioned approach - using a Window component and handling the OnRowDoubleClick event.

@*Use the OnCellRender event to pass a custom CSS class to the Grid column and prevent it from wrapping the text in multiple lines for the Notes column. Display the full content of the column in a separate Window component.*@

Resize Note column or double click on a row to see the product details

<TelerikGrid Data="@MyData" Height="400px"
             Pageable="true" Sortable="true" Groupable="true"
             FilterMode="Telerik.Blazor.GridFilterMode.FilterRow"
             Resizable="true" Reorderable="true"
             OnRowDoubleClick="@OnRowDoubleClickHandler">
    <GridColumns>
        <GridColumn Field="@(nameof(SampleData.Id))" Width="120px" />
        <GridColumn Field="@(nameof(SampleData.Name))" Title="Employee Name" Groupable="false" />
        <GridColumn Field="@(nameof(SampleData.Team))" Title="Team" />
        <GridColumn Field="@(nameof(SampleData.Note))" Title="Note" OnCellRender="@OnCellRenderHandler" />
        <GridColumn Field="@(nameof(SampleData.HireDate))" Title="Hire Date" />
    </GridColumns>
</TelerikGrid>

<TelerikWindow @bind-Visible="@WindowIsVisible" Modal="true">
    <WindowTitle>
        <strong>Details for @CurrEmployee.Name</strong>
    </WindowTitle>
    <WindowContent>
        @CurrEmployee.Note
    </WindowContent>
    <WindowActions>
        <WindowAction Name="Minimize"></WindowAction>
        <WindowAction Name="Maximize"></WindowAction>
        <WindowAction Name="Close"></WindowAction>
    </WindowActions>
</TelerikWindow>

@code {
    bool WindowIsVisible { get; set; }

    SampleData CurrEmployee { get; set; } = new SampleData();

    void OnRowDoubleClickHandler(GridRowClickEventArgs args)
    {
        CurrEmployee = args.Item as SampleData;

        WindowIsVisible = !WindowIsVisible;
    }

    void OnCellRenderHandler(GridCellRenderEventArgs args)
    {
        args.Class = "custom-ellipsis";
    }

    public IEnumerable<SampleData> MyData = Enumerable.Range(1, 30).Select(x => new SampleData
    {
        Id = x,
        Name = "Employee " + x,
        Team = "team " + x % 5,
        Note = "Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has... ",
        HireDate = DateTime.Now.AddDays(-x).Date
    });

    public class SampleData
    {
        public int Id { get; set; }
        public string Name { get; set; }
        public string Team { get; set; }
        public string Note { get; set; }
        public DateTime HireDate { get; set; }
    }
}

<style>
    .custom-ellipsis {
        overflow: hidden;
        max-height: 60px;
        text-overflow: ellipsis;
        white-space: nowrap;
    }
</style>

See also

In this article