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Filter a Grid Column that is a List

Environment

Product Grid for Blazor
Version 4.4.0 +

Description

How to filter Grid data items, which contain a List in a single property?

How to filter a Grid column that is a List<string>?

How to filter a List within a single Grid column?

Solution

The required approach revolves around two milestones:

  • Data binding with an OnRead event;
  • Using a filter template.

Here are step-by-step instructions:

  1. Define a FilterCellTemplate or a FilterMenuTemplate, depending on the Grid FilterMode. Add a MultiSelect or another dropdown component in the template, according to your preferences. It's also possible to use CheckBoxes.
  2. (only for FilterRow mode) Handle the ValueChanged or OnChange event of the component inside the filter template. Pass the FilterCellTemplateContext to the handler and call its FilterAsync() method to trigger Grid rebind.
  3. (only for FilterMenu mode) Use a FilterMenuButtonsTemplate for the Filter and Clear buttons inside the filter menu. Use Button OnClick handlers to call the FilterAsync() or ClearFilterAsync() methods of the FilterMenuTemplateContext. In the latter case, also clear the selected values of the filtering component.
  4. Use the Grid OnRead event to data bind the component, instead of the Data parameter.
  5. In the OnRead handler, implement custom data filtering for the list column, based on the user selection in the filter template. The implementation of this step depends on your preferences and requirements.
  6. Optionally, use ToDataSourceResult or ToDataSourceResultAsync for the other data operations (sorting, paging, grouping, filtering of the other columns).

The example below includes two Grids - one for each FilterMode.

Filtering by a Grid model property that is a list

@using Telerik.DataSource.Extensions

<h1>Filtering a List Grid Column</h1>

<h2>Row Filtering</h2>

<TelerikGrid OnRead="@OnGridReadRowFilter"
             TItem="@Food"
             Pageable="true"
             Sortable="true"
             FilterMode="GridFilterMode.FilterRow"
             Height="600px">
    <GridColumns>
        <GridColumn Field="@nameof(Food.Name)" Title="Food" />
        <GridColumn Field="@nameof(Food.SpiceIds)" Title="Spices" Sortable="false">
            <Template>
                @{ var dataItem = (Food)context; }
                <ul>
                    @foreach (var spiceId in dataItem.SpiceIds)
                    {
                        <li>@Spices.FirstOrDefault(x => x.Id == spiceId)?.Name</li>
                    }
                </ul>
            </Template>
            <FilterCellTemplate>
                <TelerikMultiSelect Data="@Spices"
                                    @bind-Value="@RowFilteredSpiceIds"
                                    ValueField="@nameof(Spice.Id)"
                                    TextField="@nameof(Spice.Name)"
                                    AutoClose="false"
                                    Filterable="true"
                                    FilterOperator="@StringFilterOperator.Contains"
                                    OnChange="@( (object newValue) => OnSpiceRowFilterChange(newValue, context) )" />
            </FilterCellTemplate>
        </GridColumn>
    </GridColumns>
</TelerikGrid>

<h2>Menu Filtering</h2>

<TelerikGrid OnRead="@OnGridReadMenuFilter"
             TItem="@Food"
             Pageable="true"
             Sortable="true"
             FilterMode="GridFilterMode.FilterMenu"
             Height="600px">
    <GridColumns>
        <GridColumn Field="@nameof(Food.Name)" Title="Food" />
        <GridColumn Field="@nameof(Food.SpiceIds)" Title="Spices" Sortable="false">
            <Template>
                @{ var dataItem = (Food)context; }
                <ul>
                    @foreach (var spiceId in dataItem.SpiceIds)
                    {
                        <li>@Spices.FirstOrDefault(x => x.Id == spiceId)?.Name</li>
                    }
                </ul>
            </Template>
            <FilterMenuTemplate>
                <TelerikMultiSelect Data="@Spices"
                                    @bind-Value="@MenuFilteredSpiceIds"
                                    ValueField="@nameof(Spice.Id)"
                                    TextField="@nameof(Spice.Name)"
                                    AutoClose="false"
                                    Filterable="true"
                                    FilterOperator="@StringFilterOperator.Contains"
                                    OnChange="@( (object newValue) => OnSpiceMenuFilterChange(newValue, context) )" />
            </FilterMenuTemplate>
            <FilterMenuButtonsTemplate>
                <TelerikButton OnClick="@( () => OnSpiceMenuFilterApply(context) )"
                               ThemeColor="@ThemeConstants.Button.ThemeColor.Primary">Filter </TelerikButton>
                <TelerikButton OnClick="@( () => OnSpiceMenuFilterClear(context) )">Clear</TelerikButton>
            </FilterMenuButtonsTemplate>
        </GridColumn>
    </GridColumns>
</TelerikGrid>

@code {
    private List<Food> GridData { get; set; } = new List<Food>();

    private List<Spice> Spices { get; set; } = new List<Spice>() {
        new Spice() { Id = 1, Name = "Salt" },
        new Spice() { Id = 2, Name = "Pepper" },
        new Spice() { Id = 3, Name = "Cinnamon" },
        new Spice() { Id = 4, Name = "Basil" },
        new Spice() { Id = 5, Name = "Oregano" },
        new Spice() { Id = 6, Name = "Ginger" },
        new Spice() { Id = 7, Name = "Thyme" }
    };

    #region Row Filtering

    private List<int> RowFilteredSpiceIds { get; set; } = new List<int>();

    private void OnSpiceRowFilterChange(object newValue, FilterCellTemplateContext context)
    {
        // No need to modify filter descriptors here,
        // because this column is filtered by custom code.
        context.FilterAsync();
    }

    private async Task OnGridReadRowFilter(GridReadEventArgs args)
    {
        var filteredData = new List<Food>(GridData);

        if (RowFilteredSpiceIds.Any())
        {
            filteredData.RemoveAll(x => !RowFilteredSpiceIds.All(y => x.SpiceIds.Contains(y)));
        }

        var result = await filteredData.ToDataSourceResultAsync(args.Request);

        args.Data = result.Data;
        args.Total = result.Total;
        args.AggregateResults = result.AggregateResults;
    }

    #endregion Row Filtering

    #region Menu Filtering

    private List<int> MenuFilteredSpiceIds { get; set; } = new List<int>();

    private void OnSpiceMenuFilterChange(object newValue, FilterMenuTemplateContext context)
    {
        // No need to modify filter descriptors here,
        // because this column is filtered by custom code.
        // This handler is not required. Use it for custom logic, if necessary.
    }

    private async Task OnSpiceMenuFilterApply(FilterMenuTemplateContext context)
    {
        // No need to modify filter descriptors here,
        // because this column is filtered by custom code.
        await context.FilterAsync();
    }

    private async Task OnSpiceMenuFilterClear(FilterMenuTemplateContext context)
    {
        MenuFilteredSpiceIds = new List<int>();
        await context.ClearFilterAsync();
    }

    private async Task OnGridReadMenuFilter(GridReadEventArgs args)
    {
        var filteredData = new List<Food>(GridData);

        if (MenuFilteredSpiceIds.Any())
        {
            filteredData.RemoveAll(x => !MenuFilteredSpiceIds.All(y => x.SpiceIds.Contains(y)));
        }

        var result = await filteredData.ToDataSourceResultAsync(args.Request);

        args.Data = result.Data;
        args.Total = result.Total;
        args.AggregateResults = result.AggregateResults;
    }

    #endregion Menu Filtering

    #region Models and Data

    protected override void OnInitialized()
    {
        var rnd = new Random();

        for (int i = 1; i <= 33; i++)
        {
            var spiceIdsForItem = Spices.OrderBy(x => rnd.Next()).Take(3).OrderBy(x => x.Name).Select(x => x.Id).ToList();

            GridData.Add(new Food()
            {
                Id = i,
                Name = $"Food {i}",
                SpiceIds = spiceIdsForItem
            });
        }

        Spices = Spices.OrderBy(x => x.Name).ToList();
    }

    public class Food
    {
        public int Id { get; set; }
        public string Name { get; set; } = string.Empty;
        public List<int> SpiceIds { get; set; } = new List<int>();
    }

    public class Spice
    {
        public int Id { get; set; }
        public string Name { get; set; } = string.Empty;
    }

    #endregion Models and Data
}

Notes

.NET doesn't provide a built-in mechanism for filtering or comparing collections. As a result, built-in Grid data operations exist only for string and value types like int, bool, DateTime, and so on.

See Also

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