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How to bind DropDown to an Enum

Environment

Product DropDownList for Blazor, ComboBox for Blazor

Description

Is there a way to bind the Data source for a Blazor UI DropDownList or ComboBox to an Enum?

Solution

You need to prepare an IEnumerable collection of items that correspond to the enum values and can be shown to the user. At the minimum, that is a collection of string versions of the enum. If you want to get the Value to actually be an enum, you will need a model that holds this value and a srting representation for the user.

Here are examples of both.

Enum as string

@CurrValue
<br />
@* note that in this case the value is a string, not an enum *@
@CurrValue?.GetType()
<br />
<TelerikDropDownList Data="@DdlData" @bind-Value="@CurrValue"></TelerikDropDownList>

@* for a combo box, make sure that custom values and clearing are not available unless you are explicitly OK with that *@
<TelerikComboBox Data="@DdlData" @bind-Value="@CurrValue" ClearButton="false" AllowCustom="false" Filterable="true"></TelerikComboBox>

@code{
    string CurrValue { get; set; }
    List<string> DdlData { get; set; } = Enum.GetNames(typeof(Telerik.Blazor.AnimationType)).ToList();
}

Enum as Value

@selectedValue
<br />
@* in this case the value is the enum type *@
@selectedValue.GetType()
<br />
<TelerikDropDownList Data="@myDdlData" TextField="MyTextField" ValueField="MyValueField" @bind-Value="@selectedValue">
</TelerikDropDownList>

@* for a combo box, make sure that custom values and clearing are not available unless you are explicitly OK with that *@
<TelerikComboBox Data="@myDdlData" TextField="MyTextField" ValueField="MyValueField" @bind-Value="@selectedValue"
                 ClearButton="false" AllowCustom="false" Filterable="true">
</TelerikComboBox>

@code {
    public class EnumDdlModel
    {
        public Telerik.Blazor.AnimationType MyValueField { get; set; }
        public string MyTextField { get; set; }
    }

    Telerik.Blazor.AnimationType selectedValue { get; set; }
    List<EnumDdlModel> myDdlData { get; set; } = new List<EnumDdlModel>();

    protected override void OnInitialized()
    {
        //prepare instances of the model from the list of enum values and a desired string representation for the user
        foreach (Telerik.Blazor.AnimationType item in Enum.GetValues(typeof(Telerik.Blazor.AnimationType)))
        {
            myDdlData.Add(new EnumDdlModel { MyTextField = item.ToString(), MyValueField = item });
        }

        base.OnInitialized();
    }
}

Notes

An enum is, effectively, an integer. Thus, its default value is 0 and that can conflict with the concept of a combobox and its placeholder - the placeholder shows when the Value matches the default for its type and indicate no selection. On the other hand, an enum always has a selection, so a DropDownList component might be more suitable.

Nevertheless, if you want to use both an enum and a placehlder, you should use nullable types so that their default value is null and does not interfere with the options possible from the enum itself.

Show Placeholder in the combo box when binding to an enum - done through nullable fields

You will see blank space above the combobox until you select something.
<br />
@selectedValue
<br />
@selectedValue?.GetType()
<br />

<TelerikComboBox Data="@myDdlData" TextField="MyTextField" ValueField="MyValueField" @bind-Value="@selectedValue"
                 ClearButton="false" AllowCustom="false" Filterable="true" Placeholder="Select an option">
</TelerikComboBox>

@code {
    public class EnumDdlModel
    {
        public Telerik.Blazor.AnimationType? MyValueField { get; set; } // nullable to allow for a placeholder
        public string MyTextField { get; set; }
    }

    Telerik.Blazor.AnimationType? selectedValue { get; set; } // nullable to allow for a placeholder
    List<EnumDdlModel> myDdlData { get; set; } = new List<EnumDdlModel>();

    protected override void OnInitialized()
    {
        foreach (Telerik.Blazor.AnimationType item in Enum.GetValues(typeof(Telerik.Blazor.AnimationType)))
        {
            myDdlData.Add(new EnumDdlModel { MyTextField = item.ToString(), MyValueField = item });
        }

        base.OnInitialized();
    }
}
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