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Upload Events

This article describes the events of the Telerik Upload for Blazor.

First, get familiar with the Event Arguments section, as it applies to all events. The example at the end also showcases all Upload events.

Make sure to also check section Upload Security.

The event is an EventCallback. It can be synchronous and return void, or asynchronous and return async Task. Do not use async void.

Event Arguments

The different Upload events use different event argument types, but the exposed properties are similar. Depending on the exact event, the properties will be some of these:

Property Type Description
Files List<UploadFileInfo> All Upload events expose a Files collection of UploadFileInfo members. The collection contains one or more files in the OnClear, OnSelect and OnUpload handlers. In the other events, the file is just one.
IsCancelled bool Set to true to cancel the event and the respective user action.
Operation UploadOperationType enum Can be Upload or Remove.
Progress int The uploaded percentage of the file in the OnProgress event.
Request UploadHttpRequest Information about the server response, such as status code and any custom messages. The object contains the int property Status and the strings StatusText, ResponseType and ResponseText.
RequestData Dictionary<string, object> Add KeyValuePairs to send custom data to the controller in OnUpload and OnRemove.
RequestHeaders Dictionary<string, object> Add KeyValuePairs to send custom HTTP headers to the controller in OnUpload and OnRemove.

The custom information in RequestData and RequestHeaders can be related to authentication, CSRF cross-site anti forgery tokens, or any business logic.

UploadFileInfo

The UploadFileInfo object has the following properties:

Property Type Description
Extension string The file extension (type), together with the dot.
Id string The unique file identifier in GUID format.
InvalidExtension bool Defines if the file violates the AllowedExtensions value.
InvalidMaxFileSize bool Defines if the file violates the MaxFileSize value.
InvalidMinFileSize bool Defines if the file violates the MinFileSize value.
Name string The encoded file name, including the extension. One method to decode it is System.Net.WebUtility.HtmlDecode(). The file name received by the controller (endpoint) is not encoded. The file can be renamed in the OnSelect and OnUpload handlers.
Progress int The uploaded percentage of the file in the OnProgress event.
Size long The file size in bytes.
Status UploadFileStatus enum The current status of the file in the context of the Upload component (Selected, Uploading, Uploaded, Failed).

OnCancel

The OnCancel event fires when the user clicks the Cancel icon of a file that is currently uploading.

The UploadCancelEventArgs event argument contains the properties Files and IsCancelled.

If you cancel the event, the upload process will continue. For example, this can depend on some file information such as size and upload progress.

Using the Upload OnCancel event

<TelerikUpload OnCancel="@OnUploadCancel" />

@code {
    private void OnUploadCancel(UploadCancelEventArgs args)
    {
        var file = args.Files.First();

        if (file.Size < 2 * 1024 * 1024 && file.Progress > 50)
        {
            args.IsCancelled = true;
        }
    }
}

See the full example below.

OnClear

The OnClear event fires when the user clicks the Clear button below the file list. This button is visible when AutoUpload="false".

The UploadClearEventArgs event argument contains the properties Files and IsCancelled.

If you cancel the event, the current file list will remain visible.

Using the Upload OnClear event

<TelerikUpload OnClear="@OnUploadClear" />

@code {
    private void OnUploadClear(UploadClearEventArgs args)
    {
        if (args.Files.Count > 3)
        {
            args.IsCancelled = true;
        }
    }
}

See the full example below.

OnError

The OnError event fires when an upload or remove request fails.

The UploadErrorEventArgs event argument contains the following properties:

  • Files
  • Operation
  • Request

Using the OnError event with message from the controller

<TelerikUpload OnError="@OnUploadError" />

@code {
    private void OnUploadError(UploadErrorEventArgs args)
    {
        string fileName = args.Files.First().Name;
        UploadOperationType operation = args.Operation;
        int statusCode = args.Request.Status;
        string statusMessage = args.Request.StatusText;
        string customMessage = args.Request.ResponseText;
    }
}
[HttpPost]
public async Task<IActionResult> Save(IFormFile files)
{
    // ...
    // Different ways to return a response

    // unhandled exceptions have status code 500
    throw new Exception("Custom error message.");

    // OR

    // custom status code and error messsage
    Response.StatusCode = 400;
    await Response.WriteAsync("Custom error message.");
    return new EmptyResult();

    // OR

    // custom status code and error messsage
    Response.StatusCode = 400;
    return Content("Custom error message.");
}

See the full example below.

OnProgress

The OnProgress event fires each time a file makes progress in its upload process.

The event is tied directly to the progress event of the XHR object, which sends the file to the controller. The Upload component cannot control when or how often the event will fire. For small files, the Progress value is likely to jump directly to 100, especially on localhost.

The UploadProgressEventArgs event argument contains the properties Files and Progress.

Using the Upload OnProgress event

<TelerikUpload OnProgress="@OnUploadProgress" />

@code {
    private void OnUploadProgress(UploadProgressEventArgs args)
    {
        string fileName = args.Files.First().Name;
        int percentComplete = args.Progress;
    }
}

See the full example below.

OnRemove

The OnRemove event fires when the users clicks the Remove (X) button of an uploaded file. The Upload component sends a request to the server so you can delete the file.

The UploadEventArgs event argument contains the following properties:

If you cancel the event, the Upload component will not send the file deletion request.

Using the OnRemove event to send custom data to the controller

<TelerikUpload OnRemove="@OnUploadRemove" />

@code {
    private async Task OnUploadRemove(UploadEventArgs args)
    {
        var file = args.Files.First();

        if (file.Extension == ".pdf")
        {
            args.IsCancelled = true;
        }
        else
        {
            args.RequestData.Add("dataKey", "dataValue");
            args.RequestHeaders.Add("headerKey", "headerValue");
        }
    }
}
[HttpPost]
public async Task<IActionResult> Remove(string files)
{
    // ...

    // Get the custom data and header values
    string formData = Request.Form["dataKey"];
    string headerValue = Request.Headers["headerKey"];

    // ...
}

See the full example below.

OnSelect

The OnSelect event fires when the user selects new file(s) for upload.

The UploadSelectEventArgs event argument contains the properties Files and IsCancelled.

If you cancel the event, the Upload component will neither list, nor upload the selected files.

Renaming a File

In some cases, you may want to rename a selected file when uploading it, for example:

  • A file with the same name already exists on the server.
  • The file name does not meet some requirements.

The file rename process requires two separate steps:

  1. Use the OnSelect event to call a remote endpoint and check for duplicates before the actual upload process starts. If needed, set a new name to the Name property of the file. This new name will appear in the Upload component UI. The controller will always receive IFormFile with the original name from the file system, due to browser security restrictions.
  2. Send the new file name as additional request data in the OnUpload event. Use the Save action in the remote endpoint to set the file name, as it will be saved on the server.

Using the Upload OnSelect event to rename files in the UI

<TelerikUpload OnSelect="@OnUploadSelect" />

@code {
    private async Task OnUploadSelect(UploadSelectEventArgs args)
    {
        foreach (var file in args.Files)
        {
            string fileName = file.Name;
            long fileSize = file.Size;

            // Change the file name that is displayed in the TelerikUpload component.
            // Delays here will result in rendering and upload delays.
            // The IFormFile file name in the upload request will remain the original one.
            file.Name = await GetNewFileNameFromServer(file.Name, "currentUserName");
        }
    }

    private async Task<string> GetNewFileNameFromServer(string fileName, string userName)
    {
        await Task.Delay(100); // simulate network delay

        // In a real case this can be a controller action method.
        // Use the same naming logic when actually saving the file on the server.
        string newFileName = $"{userName}-{fileName}";

        return await Task.FromResult(newFileName);
    }
}

See the full example below.

OnSuccess

The OnSuccess event fires when an upload or remove request is successful. The Upload assumes a successful request if the Response.StatusCode of the controller action is between 200 and 299.

The UploadSuccessEventArgs event argument contains the following properties:

  • Files
  • Operation
  • Request

For example, the server can return a URL string for an image thumbnail.

Using the OnSuccess event with message from the controller

<TelerikUpload OnSuccess="@OnUploadSuccess" />

@code {
    private async Task OnUploadSuccess(UploadSuccessEventArgs args)
    {
        string fileName = args.Files.First().Name;
        UploadOperationType operation = args.Operation;
        int statusCode = args.Request.Status;
        string statusMessage = args.Request.StatusText;
        string customMessage = args.Request.ResponseText;
    }
}
[HttpPost]
public async Task<IActionResult> Save(IFormFile files)
{
    // ...
    // Different ways to return a response

    // default status code 200, no custom success message
    return new OkResult();

    // OR

    // default statuc code 200 and custom success message
    return new OkObjectResult("Custom success message.");

    // OR

    // custom status code and success messsage
    Response.StatusCode = 201;
    await Response.WriteAsync("Custom success message.");
    return new EmptyResult();

    // OR

    // custom status code and success messsage
    Response.StatusCode = 201;
    return Content("Custom success message.");
}

See the full example below.

OnUpload

The OnUpload event fires when files will be uploaded. By default, it will fire immediately after OnSelect, unless AutoUpload="false".

The UploadEventArgs event argument contains the following properties:

  • Files
  • IsCancelled
  • RequestData
  • RequestHeaders

If you cancel the event, the file upload will not start. If AutoUpload="false", the user will be able to try uploading the same file(s) again.

Send Custom Data with the File

Use the OnUpload and OnRemove event handlers to send additional custom data and request headers to the server, together with the file. For example, the data may be related to:

  • Authentication
  • CSRF cross-site anti forgery tokens
  • Any metadata related to the app business logic

To send cookies with the upload request, set the WithCredentials component parameter to true.

Using the OnUpload event to send custom data to the controller

<TelerikUpload OnUpload="@OnUploadHandler" />

@code {
    private async Task OnUploadHandler(UploadEventArgs args)
    {
        if (args.Files.Count > 3)
        {
            args.IsCancelled = true;
        }

        args.RequestData.Add("dataKey", "dataValue"); // for example, user name
        args.RequestHeaders.Add("headerKey", "headerValue"); // for example, authentication token
    }
}
[HttpPost]
public async Task<IActionResult> Save(IFormFile files)
{
    // ...

    // Get the custom data and header values
    string formData = Request.Form["dataKey"];
    string headerValue = Request.Headers["headerKey"];

    // ...
}

Example

The UploadController class below assumes that the project name and namespace is TelerikBlazorUpload.

Make sure to enable controller routing in the app startup file (Program.cs). In this case, app.MapDefaultControllerRoute(); is all that's needed.

Also see:

Using the Upload events

@inject NavigationManager NavigationManager

<label>
    <TelerikCheckBox @bind-Value="@AllowRequests" />
    Allow Upload and Remove Requests
</label> (otherwise cancel events)

<TelerikRadioGroup Data="@RadioGroupData"
                   @bind-Value="@ReturnSuccess"
                   TextField="@nameof(RadioGroupModel.Text)"
                   ValueField="@nameof(RadioGroupModel.Value)"
                   Layout="@RadioGroupLayout.Horizontal" />

<TelerikUpload SaveUrl="@UploadSaveUrl"
               RemoveUrl="@UploadRemoveUrl"
               MaxFileSize="@( 16 * 1024 * 1024 )"
               MinFileSize="@( 1 * 1024 )"
               AutoUpload="true"
               OnCancel="@OnUploadCancel"
               OnClear="@OnUploadClear"
               OnError="@OnUploadError"
               OnProgress="@OnUploadProgress"
               OnRemove="@OnUploadRemove"
               OnSelect="@OnUploadSelect"
               OnSuccess="@OnUploadSuccess"
               OnUpload="@OnUploadUpload">
</TelerikUpload>

@code {
    private bool AllowRequests { get; set; } = true;

    private bool ReturnSuccess { get; set; } = true;

    private string UploadSaveUrl => ToAbsoluteUrl("api/upload/save");

    private string UploadRemoveUrl => ToAbsoluteUrl("api/upload/remove");

    private void OnUploadCancel(UploadCancelEventArgs args)
    {
        var file = args.Files.First();

        if (file.Size < 2 * 1024 * 1024 && file.Progress > 50)
        {
            args.IsCancelled = true;
            Console.WriteLine($"OnCancel event cancelled.");
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine($"OnCancel event for {file.Name}");
        }
    }

    private void OnUploadClear(UploadClearEventArgs args)
    {
        if (args.Files.Count > 3)
        {
            args.IsCancelled = true;
            Console.WriteLine("OnClear event cancelled.");
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine("OnClear event fired for:");

            foreach (var file in args.Files)
            {
                Console.WriteLine($"  Name: {file.Name}, Size: {file.Size} bytes");
            }
        }
    }

    private void OnUploadError(UploadErrorEventArgs args)
    {
        Console.WriteLine($"OnError event for:");
        Console.WriteLine($"  File: {args.Files.First().Name}");
        Console.WriteLine($"  Operation: {args.Operation}");
        Console.WriteLine($"  Response Status Code: {args.Request.Status}");
        Console.WriteLine($"  Response Status Message: {args.Request.StatusText}");
        Console.WriteLine($"  Response Type: {args.Request.ResponseType}");
        Console.WriteLine($"  Response Text: {args.Request.ResponseText}");
    }

    private void OnUploadProgress(UploadProgressEventArgs args)
    {
        Console.WriteLine($"OnProgress event for:");
        Console.WriteLine($"  File: {args.Files.First().Name}");
        Console.WriteLine($"  Progress: {args.Progress}");
    }

    private async Task OnUploadRemove(UploadEventArgs args)
    {
        var file = args.Files.First();

        if (!AllowRequests)
        {
            args.IsCancelled = true;
            Console.WriteLine($"OnRemove event cancelled for {file.Name}");
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine($"OnRemove event for {file.Name}");

            args.RequestData.Add("successData", ReturnSuccess);
            args.RequestHeaders.Add("successHeader", ReturnSuccess);
        }
    }

    private async Task OnUploadSelect(UploadSelectEventArgs args)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("OnSelect event for:");

        foreach (var file in args.Files)
        {
            Console.WriteLine($"  File: {file.Name}, Size: {file.Size} bytes");
        }

        if (args.Files.Count > 5)
        {
            args.IsCancelled = true;
            Console.WriteLine("OnSelect event cancelled.");
        }
    }

    private void OnUploadSuccess(UploadSuccessEventArgs args)
    {
        Console.WriteLine($"OnSuccess event for:");
        Console.WriteLine($"  File: {args.Files.First().Name}");
        Console.WriteLine($"  Operation: {args.Operation}");
        Console.WriteLine($"  Response Status Code: {args.Request.Status}");
        Console.WriteLine($"  Response Status Message: {args.Request.StatusText}");
        Console.WriteLine($"  Response Type: {args.Request.ResponseType}");
        Console.WriteLine($"  Response Text: {args.Request.ResponseText}");
    }

    private async Task OnUploadUpload(UploadEventArgs args)
    {
        if (!args.Files.Any())
        {
            return;
        }

        var file = args.Files.First();

        if (!AllowRequests)
        {
            args.IsCancelled = true;
            Console.WriteLine($"OnUpload event cancelled for {file.Name}");
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine($"OnUpload event for {file.Name}");

            args.RequestData.Add("successData", ReturnSuccess);
            args.RequestHeaders.Add("successHeader", ReturnSuccess);
        }
    }

    private string ToAbsoluteUrl(string url)
    {
        return $"{NavigationManager.BaseUri}{url}";
    }

    private List<RadioGroupModel> RadioGroupData { get; set; } = new List<RadioGroupModel>()
    {
        new RadioGroupModel() { Value = true, Text = "Expect Request Success" },
        new RadioGroupModel() { Value = false, Text = "Expect Request Failure" }
    };

    public class RadioGroupModel
    {
        public bool Value { get; set; }
        public string Text { get; set; } = string.Empty;
    }
}
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Hosting;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Http;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;

namespace TelerikBlazorUpload.Controllers
{
    [Route("api/[controller]/[action]")]
    public class UploadController : Controller
    {
        public IWebHostEnvironment HostingEnvironment { get; set; }

        public UploadController(IWebHostEnvironment hostingEnvironment)
        {
            HostingEnvironment = hostingEnvironment;
        }

        [HttpPost]
        public async Task<IActionResult> Save(IFormFile files) // "files" matches the Upload SaveField value
        {
            bool shouldSucceed = Convert.ToBoolean(Request.Form["successData"])
                && Convert.ToBoolean(Request.Headers["successHeader"]);

            if (!shouldSucceed)
            {
                Response.StatusCode = 403;
                await Response.WriteAsync("Upload refused.");
            }
            else if (files != null)
            {
                try
                {
                    var rootPath = HostingEnvironment.WebRootPath; // save to wwwroot - Blazor Server only
                    //var rootPath = HostingEnvironment.ContentRootPath; // save to Server project root - Blazor Server or WebAssembly
                    var saveLocation = Path.Combine(rootPath, files.FileName);

                    using (var fileStream = new FileStream(saveLocation, FileMode.Create))
                    {
                        await files.CopyToAsync(fileStream);

                        Response.StatusCode = 201;
                        await Response.WriteAsync("Upload successful.");
                    }
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    Response.StatusCode = 500;
                    await Response.WriteAsync($"Upload failed. Exception: {ex.Message}");
                }
            }

            return new EmptyResult();
        }

        [HttpPost]
        public async Task<IActionResult> Remove(string files) // "files" matches the Upload RemoveField value
        {
            bool shouldSucceed = Convert.ToBoolean(Request.Form["successData"])
                && Convert.ToBoolean(Request.Headers["successHeader"]);

            if (!shouldSucceed)
            {
                Response.StatusCode = 403;
                await Response.WriteAsync("Delete refused.");
            }
            else if (files != null)
            {
                try
                {
                    var rootPath = HostingEnvironment.WebRootPath; // delete from wwwroot - Blazor Server only
                    //var rootPath = HostingEnvironment.ContentRootPath; // delete from Server project root - Blazor Server or WebAssembly
                    var fileLocation = Path.Combine(rootPath, files);

                    if (System.IO.File.Exists(fileLocation))
                    {
                        System.IO.File.Delete(fileLocation);

                        Response.StatusCode = 204;
                        await Response.WriteAsync($"Delete successful.");
                    }
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    Response.StatusCode = 500;
                    await Response.WriteAsync($"Delete failed. Exception: {ex.Message}");
                }
            }

            return new EmptyResult();
        }
    }
}
// ...

var builder = WebApplication.CreateBuilder(args);

// ...

var app = builder.Build();

// ...

app.MapDefaultControllerRoute();

// ...

app.Run();

The event is an EventCallback. It can be synchronous and return void, or asynchronous and return async Task. Do not use async void.

See Also

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