Validation

Telerik UI for ASP.NET MVC enables you to use client-side validation and provides hints on using the Kendo UI Validator and the default jQuery validation.

Using the DataAnnotation Attributes

The Validator creates validation rules based on the unobtrusive HTML attributes. Those unobtrusive attributes are generated by ASP.NET MVC based on the DataAnnotation attributes that are applied to the Model properties. The Validator also creates rules for the unobtrusive attributes that are generated implicitly by MVC for numbers and dates.

The following DataAnnotation attributes are supported:

  • Required
  • StringLength
  • Range
  • RegularExpression

To use the Validator with the DataAnnotation attributes:

  1. Create a class and add the needed DataAnnotation attributes.

        public class OrderViewModel
        {
            [HiddenInput(DisplayValue = false)]
            public int OrderID { get; set; }
    
            [Required]
            [Display(Name = "Customer")]
            public string CustomerID { get; set; }
    
            [Required]
            [StringLength(15)]
            [Display(Name = "Ship Country")]
            public string ShipCountry { get; set; }
    
            [Required]
            [Range(1, int.MaxValue, ErrorMessage = "Freight should be greater than 1")]
            [DataType(DataType.Currency)]
            public decimal? Freight { get; set; }
    
            [Required]
            [Display(Name = "Order Date")]
            public DateTime? OrderDate { get; set; }
        }
    
  2. Pass an instance of the model to the view.

       public ActionResult Create()
        {                
            return View(new OrderViewModel());
        }
    
  3. Create the editors in the view based on the model and initialize the Validator on the form.

        @model OrderViewModel
    
        @using (Html.BeginForm()) {
            <fieldset>
                <legend>Order</legend>
    
                @Html.HiddenFor(model => model.OrderID)
    
                <div class="editor-label">
                    @Html.LabelFor(model => model.CustomerID)
                </div>
                <div class="editor-field">
                    @(
                        Html.Kendo().DropDownListFor(model => model.CustomerID)
                            .OptionLabel("Select Customer")
                    )
                    @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.CustomerID)
                </div>
    
                <div class="editor-label">
                    @Html.LabelFor(model => model.ShipCountry)
                </div>
                <div class="editor-field">
                    @Html.EditorFor(model => model.ShipCountry)
                    @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.ShipCountry)
                </div>
    
                <div class="editor-label">
                    @Html.LabelFor(model => model.Freight)
                </div>
                <div class="editor-field">
                    @Html.Kendo().NumericTextBoxFor(model => model.Freight)
                    @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.Freight)
                </div>
    
                <div class="editor-label">
                    @Html.LabelFor(model => model.OrderDate)
                </div>
                <div class="editor-field">
                    @Html.Kendo().DatePickerFor(model => model.OrderDate)
                    @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.OrderDate)
                </div>
    
                <p>
                    <input type="submit" value="Save" />
                </p>
            </fieldset>
        }
    
        <script>
            $(function () {
                $("form").kendoValidator();
            });
        </script>
    

Implementing Custom Attributes

To implement a custom validation attribute, include a ShippedDate field to the model and implement a GreaterDateAttribute attribute that will check whether the selected ShippedDate value is greater than the selected OrderDate.

  1. Create a class that inherits from ValidationAttribute and IClientValidatable, and implement the IsValid and GetClientValidationRules methods.

        [AttributeUsage(AttributeTargets.Property, AllowMultiple = false, Inherited = true)]
        public class GreaterDateAttribute : ValidationAttribute, IClientValidatable
        {
            public string EarlierDateField { get; set; }
    
            protected override ValidationResult IsValid(object value, ValidationContext validationContext)
            {
                DateTime? date = value != null ? (DateTime?)value : null;
                var earlierDateValue = validationContext.ObjectType.GetProperty(EarlierDateField)
                    .GetValue(validationContext.ObjectInstance, null);
                DateTime? earlierDate = earlierDateValue != null ? (DateTime?)earlierDateValue : null;
    
                if (date.HasValue && earlierDate.HasValue && date <= earlierDate)
                {
                    return new ValidationResult(ErrorMessage);
                }
    
                return ValidationResult.Success;
            }
    
            public IEnumerable<ModelClientValidationRule> GetClientValidationRules(ModelMetadata metadata, ControllerContext context)
            {
                var rule = new ModelClientValidationRule
                {
                    ErrorMessage = ErrorMessage,
                    ValidationType = "greaterdate"
                };
    
                rule.ValidationParameters["earlierdate"] = EarlierDateField;
    
                yield return rule;
            }
        }
    
  2. Decorate the ShippedDate property with the newly implemented attribute.

        public class OrderViewModel
        {
            //omitted for brevity
    
            [Display(Name = "Order Date")]
            [DataType(DataType.Date)]
            public DateTime? OrderDate { get; set; }
    
            [GreaterDate(EarlierDateField = "OrderDate", ErrorMessage = "Shipped date should be after Order date")]
            [DataType(DataType.Date)]
            public DateTime? ShippedDate { get; set; }
        }
    
  3. Implement a Validator rule that will handle all inputs with the data-val-greaterdate attribute.

        @model OrderViewModel
    
        @using (Html.BeginForm()) {
            <fieldset>
                <legend>Order</legend>
    
                @Html.HiddenFor(model => model.OrderID)
    
                <div class="editor-label">
                    @Html.LabelFor(model => model.OrderDate)
                </div>
                <div class="editor-field">
                    @Html.DatePickerFor(model => model.OrderDate)
                    @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.OrderDate)
                </div>
    
                <div class="editor-label">
                    @Html.LabelFor(model => model.ShippedDate)
                </div>
                <div class="editor-field">
                    @Html.DatePickerFor(model => model.ShippedDate)
                    @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.ShippedDate)
                </div>
    
                <p>
                    <input type="submit" value="Save" />
                </p>
            </fieldset>
        }
    
        <script>
            $(function () {
                $("form").kendoValidator({
                    rules: {
                        greaterdate: function (input) {
                            if (input.is("[data-val-greaterdate]") && input.val() != "") {
                                var date = kendo.parseDate(input.val()),
                                    earlierDate = kendo.parseDate($("[name='" + input.attr("data-val-greaterdate-earlierdate") + "']").val());
                                return !date || !earlierDate || earlierDate.getTime() < date.getTime();
                            }
    
                            return true;
                        }
                    },
                    messages: {
                        greaterdate: function (input) {
                            return input.attr("data-val-greaterdate");
                        }
                    }
                });
            });
        </script>
    

Applying Custom Attributes in Editable Helpers

Editable helpers, such as the Grid and ListView, initialize the Validator internally. To specify custom rules, you have to extend the built-in validation rules of the Validator. You can also use this approach to define rules after the scripts are included and to use them in all views.

<script>
    (function ($, kendo) {
        $.extend(true, kendo.ui.validator, {
            rules: {
                greaterdate: function (input) {
                    if (input.is("[data-val-greaterdate]") && input.val() != "") {
                        var date = kendo.parseDate(input.val()),
                            earlierDate = kendo.parseDate($("[name='" + input.attr("data-val-greaterdate-earlierdate") + "']").val());
                        return !date || !earlierDate || earlierDate.getTime() < date.getTime();
                    }

                    return true;
                }
            },
            messages: {
                greaterdate: function (input) {
                    return input.attr("data-val-greaterdate");
                }
            }
        });
    })(jQuery, kendo);
</script>

@(
    Html.Kendo().Grid<OrderViewModel>()
        .Name("grid")
        .Columns(columns =>
            {
                columns.Bound(o => o.OrderDate);
                columns.Bound(o => o.ShippedDate);
                columns.Command(command => command.Edit());
            })
        .DataSource(source => source
            .Ajax()
            .Model(model => model.Id(o => o.OrderID))
            .Read("Read", "Orders")
            .Update("Update", "Orders")
        )
)

Employing jQuery Validation

  1. Add the latest version of the jquery.validate and jquery.validate.unobtrusive scripts to the project.
  2. Include them in the view in which you want to validate the user input or in the layout.
  3. After including the scripts, override the default ignore setting to enable the validation of the hidden elements—for example, helpers like the DropDownList and NumericTextBox have a hidden input to keep the value.

        <script src="@Url.Content("~/Scripts/jquery.validate.min.js")"></script>
        <script src="@Url.Content("~/Scripts/jquery.validate.unobtrusive.min.js")"></script>
        <script type="text/javascript">
            $.validator.setDefaults({
                ignore: ""
            });
        </script>
    
  4. Define the model and create the editors. For more information, refer to the section on using the Validator with DataAnnotation attributes.

Changing the Styles When Validation Errors Occur

The validation error classes are applied to the inputs that are validated so that the style will not be visible for helpers that use a hidden input to keep their value. To show an error style, copy the class to the visible helper by using the approach from the kendo-input-widgets-validation sample project on GitHub.

See Also

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