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Create a Dynamic Grid with Popup Editing

Environment

Product Grid for Progress® Telerik® UI for ASP.NET Core

Description

How can I create a dynamic Telerik UI Grid in ASP.NET Core that uses a custom popup editor template?

Solution

The suggested approach demonstrates how to bind a DataTable to a Telerik UI Grid and enable the Popup editing.

  1. Populate the Grid columns based on the available Model.Columns. Model.Columns is the collection of columns of the created DataTable.
  2. Set the column title by using the Caption property of the DataColumn.
  3. Activate the Popup editing and specify the name of the custom Popup template: .Editable(ed => ed.Mode(GridEditMode.PopUp).TemplateName("DynamicPopupEditor")).
  4. Define the Model in the DataSource configuration by using the ColumnName and DataType properties of the DataColumns. Also, it is important to set the Model Id to match the DataTable PrimaryKey.
  5. Store the DataTable Columns in ViewData["modelData"] to initialize the editors in the Popup form. For more information, refer to the Controller in the GitHub project.
  6. Create a View for the editor template in the ~/Views/Shared/EditorTemplates folder. Ensure that the name of the View matches the TemplateName specified in the .Editable() option.
  7. Define an editor for each data type in the editor template and bind the editor to the Model property by using the data-bind attribute, that is, .HtmlAttributes(new { data_bind= $"value: {dcolumn.ColumnName}" }).
@model System.Data.DataTable
@(Html.Kendo().Grid<dynamic>()
    .Name("Grid")
    .Columns(columns =>
    {
        foreach (System.Data.DataColumn dcolumn in Model.Columns) //Loop through the DataColumns.
        {
            switch (dcolumn.DataType.ToString())
            {
                case "System.DateTime":
                    columns.Bound(dcolumn.ColumnName).Title(dcolumn.Caption).Format("{0:d}"); //If the column DataType is "DateTime", format the date by using the Format() method.
                    break;
                default:
                    columns.Bound(dcolumn.ColumnName).Title(dcolumn.Caption);
                    break;
            }
        }
        columns.Command(com => com.Edit());
    })
    .Pageable()
    .Sortable()
    .Editable(ed => ed.Mode(GridEditMode.PopUp).TemplateName("DynamicPopupEditor")) //Specify the name of the custom Popup template ("~/Views/Shared/EditorTemplates/DynamicPopupEditor.cshtml").
    .Filterable()
    .Groupable()
    .DataSource(dataSource => dataSource
        .Ajax()
        .Model(model =>
        {
            var id = Model.PrimaryKey[0].ColumnName;
            model.Id(id); //Set the Model Id
            foreach (System.Data.DataColumn column in Model.Columns)
            {
                var field = model.Field(column.ColumnName, column.DataType);
                if (column.ColumnName == id) {
                    field.Editable(false);
                }
            }
        })
        .Read(read => read.Action("Customers_Read", "DynamicPopupEditing"))
        .Update(read => read.Action("Customers_Update", "DynamicPopupEditing"))
    )
)
    public class DynamicPopupEditingController : Controller
    {
        public static DataTable db = new DataTable();
        public IActionResult DynamicPopupEditing()
        {
            db = GetDataTable(50);
            List<System.Data.DataColumn> columnData = new List<System.Data.DataColumn>();
            foreach(System.Data.DataColumn colData in db.Columns)
            {
                columnData.Add(colData);
            }
            ViewData["modelData"] = columnData;
            return View(db);
        }

        public IActionResult Customers_Read([DataSourceRequest] DataSourceRequest request)
        {
            return Json(db.ToDataSourceResult(request));
        }
    }
    <div class="k-edit-form-container">
        @{ foreach (System.Data.DataColumn dcolumn in ViewData["modelData"] as IList<System.Data.DataColumn>) //Loop through the DataColumns and create the editors based on the column DataType.
            {
                <div class="k-edit-label">
                    <label for="@dcolumn.ColumnName">@dcolumn.ColumnName</label>
                </div>
                switch (dcolumn.DataType.ToString())
                {
                    case "System.Int16":
                    case "System.Int32":
                    case "System.Int64":
                        bool eidtor_enabled = true;
                        if(dcolumn.ColumnName == "OrderID")
                        {
                            eidtor_enabled = false;
                        }
                        <div class="k-edit-field">
                            @(Html.Kendo().IntegerTextBox()
                                .Name($"{dcolumn.ColumnName}")
                                .HtmlAttributes(new { data_bind= $"value: {dcolumn.ColumnName}" })
                                .Min(int.MinValue)
                                .Max(int.MaxValue)
                                .Enable(eidtor_enabled)
                            )
                        </div>
                        break;
                    case "System.Decimal":
                    case "System.Double":
                    case "System.Float":
                        <div class="k-edit-field">
                            @(Html.Kendo().NumericTextBox()
                                .Name($"{dcolumn.ColumnName}")
                                .HtmlAttributes(new { style = "width:100%", data_bind = $"value: {dcolumn.ColumnName}" })
                            )
                        </div>
                        break;
                    case "System.String":
                        <div class="k-edit-field">
                            @(Html.Kendo().TextBox()
                                .Name($"{dcolumn.ColumnName}")
                                .HtmlAttributes(new { style = "width:100%", data_bind = $"value: {dcolumn.ColumnName}" })
                            )
                        </div>
                        break;
                    case "System.Byte":
                    case "System.Boolean":
                        <div class="k-edit-field">
                            @(Html.Kendo().CheckBox()
                                .Name($"{dcolumn.ColumnName}")
                                .HtmlAttributes(new { style = "width:100%", data_bind = $"checked: {dcolumn.ColumnName}" })
                            )
                        </div>
                        break;
                    case "System.DateTime":
                        <div class="k-edit-field">
                            @(Html.Kendo().DateTimePicker()
                                .Name($"{dcolumn.ColumnName}")
                                .HtmlAttributes(new { style = "width:100%", data_bind = $"value: {dcolumn.ColumnName}" })
                            )
                        </div>
                        break;
                    default:
                        <div class="k-edit-field">
                            @(Html.Kendo().TextBox()
                                .Name($"{dcolumn.ColumnName}")
                                .HtmlAttributes(new { style = "width:100%", data_bind = $"value: {dcolumn.ColumnName}" })
                            )
                        </div>
                        break;
                }
            }
        }
    </div>

For the complete implementation of the suggested approach, refer to this GitHub project.

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