Data Binding

The goal of this article is to demonstrate how to populate a RadOutlookBar with business objects. Basically the control can be data bound to a collection of objects through its ItemsSource property and dynamically create RadOutlookBarItems.

The ItemsSource property allows RadOutlookBar to be bound to any collection that implements the IEnumerable interface. By default the content of the generated RadOutlookBarItems will be set to the value returned by the ToString() method of the business object.

In order to bind a RadOutlookBar to a collection of business objects you can perform the following steps:

  • Define a RadOutlookBar in XAML.

    Example 1: Defining RadOutlookBar in XAML

        <telerik:RadOutlookBar x:Name="radOutlookBar"/> 
    
  • Create a business object

    Example 2: The MenuItem class

        public class MenuItem 
        { 
            public string Header { get; set; } 
            public string Content { get; set; } 
            public string ImageSourcePath { get; set; } 
        } 
    
        Public Class MenuItem 
            Public Property Header() As String 
                Get 
                    Return m_Header 
                End Get 
                Set(value As String) 
                    m_Header = Value 
                End Set 
            End Property 
            Private m_Header As String 
            Public Property Content() As String 
                Get 
                    Return m_Content 
                End Get 
                Set(value As String) 
                    m_Content = Value 
                End Set 
            End Property 
            Private m_Content As String 
            Public Property ImageSourcePath() As String 
                Get 
                    Return m_ImageSourcePath 
                End Get 
                Set(value As String) 
                    m_ImageSourcePath = Value 
                End Set 
            End Property 
            Private m_ImageSourcePath As String 
        End Class 
    
  • Create a view model class which will contains only a collection business objects

    Example 3: The MailMenuViewModel class

        public class MailMenuViewModel : ViewModelBase 
        { 
            public ObservableCollection<MenuItem> MenuItems { get; set; } 
     
            private MenuItem selectedItem; 
            public MenuItem SelectedItem 
            { 
                get { return this.selectedItem; } 
                set 
                { 
                    if (this.selectedItem != value) 
                    { 
                        this.selectedItem = value; 
                        this.OnPropertyChanged("SelectedItem"); 
                    } 
                } 
            } 
     
            public MailMenuViewModel() 
            { 
                this.MenuItems = new ObservableCollection<MenuItem>(); 
                this.MenuItems.Add(new MenuItem() { Content = "Mails content", Header = "Mail", ImageSourcePath = "/images/mailBig.png" }); 
                this.MenuItems.Add(new MenuItem() { Content = "Contacts content", Header = "Contacts", ImageSourcePath = "/images/contactsBig.png" }); 
                this.MenuItems.Add(new MenuItem() { Content = "Calendar content", Header = "Calendar", ImageSourcePath = "/images/calendarBig.png" }); 
     
                this.selectedItem = this.MenuItems[0]; 
            } 
        } 
    
        Public Class MailMenuViewModel 
            Inherits ViewModelBase 
            Public Property MenuItems() As ObservableCollection(Of MenuItem) 
                Get 
                    Return m_MenuItems 
                End Get 
                Set(value As ObservableCollection(Of MenuItem)) 
                    m_MenuItems = Value 
                End Set 
            End Property 
            Private m_MenuItems As ObservableCollection(Of MenuItem) 
     
            Private m_selectedItem As MenuItem 
            Public Property SelectedItem() As MenuItem 
                Get 
                    Return Me.m_selectedItem 
                End Get 
                Set(value As MenuItem) 
                    If Me.m_selectedItem <> value Then 
                        Me.m_selectedItem = value 
                        Me.OnPropertyChanged("SelectedItem") 
                    End If 
                End Set 
            End Property 
     
            Public Sub New() 
                Me.MenuItems = New ObservableCollection(Of MenuItem)() 
        Me.MenuItems.Add(New MenuItem() With { _ 
        Key .Content = "Mails content", _ 
        Key .Header = "Mail", _ 
        Key .ImageSourcePath = "/images/mailBig.png" _ 
                }) 
        Me.MenuItems.Add(New MenuItem() With { _ 
        Key .Content = "Contacts content", _ 
        Key .Header = "Contacts", _ 
        Key .ImageSourcePath = "/images/contactsBig.png" _ 
                }) 
        Me.MenuItems.Add(New MenuItem() With { _ 
        Key .Content = "Calendar content", _ 
        Key .Header = "Calendar", _ 
        Key .ImageSourcePath = "/images/calendarBig.png" _ 
                }) 
     
                Me.m_selectedItem = Me.MenuItems(0) 
            End Sub 
        End Class 
    
  • Set the DataContext of the RadOutlookBar to a new instance of the created view model

    Example 4: Setting the DataContext of the RadOutlookBar

        public MainWindow() 
        { 
            InitializeComponent(); 
            this.radOutlookBar.DataContext = new MailMenuViewModel(); 
        } 
    
        Public Sub New() 
            InitializeComponent() 
            Me.radOutlookBar.DataContext = New MailMenuViewModel() 
        End Sub 
    
  • Then bind the ItemsSource property to the collection of the view model and set the ItemTemplate, ContentTemplate and TitleTemplate to display the proper information.

    Example 5: Configure the RadOutlookBar

        <telerik:RadOutlookBar x:Name="radOutlookBar" ItemsSource="{Binding MenuItems}"> 
            <telerik:RadOutlookBar.ItemTemplate> 
                <DataTemplate> 
                    <TextBlock Text="{Binding Header}" /> 
                </DataTemplate> 
            </telerik:RadOutlookBar.ItemTemplate> 
            <telerik:RadOutlookBar.ContentTemplate> 
                <DataTemplate> 
                    <TextBlock Text="{Binding Content}" /> 
                </DataTemplate> 
            </telerik:RadOutlookBar.ContentTemplate> 
            <telerik:RadOutlookBar.TitleTemplate> 
                <DataTemplate> 
                    <TextBlock Text="{Binding Header}" /> 
                </DataTemplate> 
            </telerik:RadOutlookBar.TitleTemplate> 
        </telerik:RadOutlookBar> 
    
    You can see the end result bellow:

outlook databinding result 0

Using Custom Templates

The RadOutlookBar has few properties of type DataTemplate that can be used in order to control its items appearance.

Each property accepts a DataTemplate as a value that determines the visual appearance of the RadOutlookBarItems and the RadOutlookBar itself. The properties that can be used are the following:

  • ItemTemplate
  • ItemMinimizedTemplate
  • ItemDropDownTemplate
  • TitleTemplate
  • MinimizedButtonContentTemplate
  • ContentTemplate

There are also template selectors for all of the listed templates except for the MinimizedButtonContentTemplate.

In Example 5 we already set the ItemTemplate, ContentTemplate and TitleTemplate properties.

To customize the project that we developed so far you can also set the rest of the available templates:

  • ItemMinimizedTemplate: This is the DataTemplate that describes each RadOutlookBarItem that is placed in the minimized area of the RadOutlookBar:

        <DataTemplate x:Key="outlookBarItemMinimizedTemplate"> 
            <TextBlock Text="{Binding Header}" VerticalAlignment="Center" /> 
        </DataTemplate> 
    
  • ItemDropDownContentTemplate: This is the DataTemplate applied to the items in the drop down which contains the minimized items that cannot fit in the minimized area:

        <DataTemplate x:Key="outlookBarItemDropDownTemplate"> 
        <TextBlock Text="{Binding Header}" /> 
        </DataTemplate> 
    
  • MinimizedButtonContentTemplate: This is the DataTemplate that describes the button which is displayed when you minimize the RadOutlookBar:

        <DataTemplate x:Key="outlookBarMinimizedBtnTemplate"> 
            <TextBlock Text="{Binding Header}" FontStyle="Italic"  
                       TextDecorations="Underline"  
                       FontWeight="Bold"/> 
        </DataTemplate> 
    
  • Let's also extend the ContentTemplate from Example 5: This is the DataTemplate that describes the content of the selected item:

        <DataTemplate x:Key="outlookBarContentTemplate"> 
            <Grid Background="Bisque" Margin="10"> 
                <TextBlock Text="{Binding Content}"  
                           FontStyle="Italic"  
                           Margin="10" /> 
            </Grid> 
        </DataTemplate> 
    
  • After you define your templates you can set the appropriate properties of the RadOutlookBar

         <telerik:RadOutlookBar SelectedItem="{Binding SelectedItem, Mode=TwoWay}" 
                               ItemsSource="{Binding MenuItems}"                                
                               ItemMinimizedTemplate="{StaticResource outlookBarItemMinimizedTemplate}" 
                               ItemDropDownContentTemplate="{StaticResource outlookBarItemDropDownTemplate}" 
                               ContentTemplate="{StaticResource outlookBarContentTemplate}" 
                               MinimizedButtonContentTemplate="{StaticResource outlookBarMinimizedBtnContentTemplate}" 
                               MinimizedButtonContent="{Binding SelectedItem}"> 
            <telerik:RadOutlookBar.ItemTemplate> 
                <DataTemplate> 
                    <TextBlock Text="{Binding Header}" /> 
                </DataTemplate> 
            </telerik:RadOutlookBar.ItemTemplate> 
            <telerik:RadOutlookBar.TitleTemplate> 
                <DataTemplate> 
                    <TextBlock Text="{Binding Header}" /> 
                </DataTemplate> 
            </telerik:RadOutlookBar.TitleTemplate> 
        </telerik:RadOutlookBar> 
    

    Find a runnable project of the previous example in the WPF Samples GitHub repository.

You can see the end result on the screenshots below.
outlook databinding result 1

See Also

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