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Printing

This tutorial describes the Diagramming framework printing functionality.

The RadDiagram exposes a method and command that allow you to print its content.

RadDiagram Print Support

RadDiagram.Print() method

The RadDiagram.Print() method allows you to print the content of the Diagramming canvas. The Print() method has one optional argument of type RadDiagramPrintSettings, which exposes the following members:

  • Title - this property is of type string and it determines the name of the printing job in the print queue of a printer

  • PageMargin - this property is of type Thickness and it provides control over the size of the document's page margins when printed.

    You can take advantage of the RadDiagramPrintPreview to see the RadDiagram print document's page margins before printing.

C#

xDiagram.Print(new RadDiagramPrintSettings("My Diagramming Solution",new Thickness(22,15,22,15)));        

VB.NET

xDiagram.Print(New RadDiagramPrintSettings("My Diagramming Solution", New Thickness(22, 15, 22, 15)))         

If you don't define any RadDiagramPrintSettings when invoking the Print() method, by default the Diagramming framework will name your printing job "RadDiagram Print Document" and it will set the PageMargin to 15.

The RadDiagramPrintSettings's constructor have an optional parameter that defines the resolution (DPI) used during printing. The default DPI is 96. If you need better quality of the print result you can pass bigger value in the settings' constructor.

C#

xDiagram.Print(new RadDiagramPrintSettings("My Diagramming Solution",new Thickness(22,15,22,15), 300));

VB.NET

xDiagram.Print(New RadDiagramPrintSettings("My Diagramming Solution", New Thickness(22, 15, 22, 15), 300))

For the purpose of this tutorial we will try to print the sample Diagramming solution demonstrated in the DataBinding section of this documentation:

raddiagrams populating with data data binding

Please note that the examples in this tutorial are showcasing Telerik Windows8 theme. In the Setting a Theme article you can find more information on how to set an application-wide theme.

Now let's add a Print RadButton in our layout and handle its Click event to invoke the RadDiagram.Print() method:

XAML

<Grid x:Name="LayoutRoot">
    <Grid.Resources>
      ...
    </Grid.Resources>
    <Grid.RowDefinitions>
        <RowDefinition Height="50" />
        <RowDefinition Height="*" />
    </Grid.RowDefinitions>
    <telerik:RadButton Content="Print" Click="Print" HorizontalAlignment="Center" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
    <telerik:RadDiagram x:Name="diagram" Grid.Row="1"
                        ConnectionStyle="{StaticResource pascalEdgeStyle}"
                        ShapeStyle="{StaticResource pascalNodeStyle}" />
</Grid>

C#

private void Print(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
    this.diagram.Print();
}

VB.NET

Private Sub Print(sender As Object, e As RoutedEventArgs)
    Me.diagram.Print()
End Sub

Now if you run your solution and hit the Print button:
Rad Diagram Features Printing Print

A PrintDialog will be opened, allowing you to set up the printing operation:

Rad Diagram Features Printing Print Dialog

Telerik Diagramming Framework provides a Print command as well. It is part of the DiagramExtensionCommands class implementation defined in the Telerik.Windows.Controls.Diagrams.Extensions namespace and you can apply it on your buttons and use it to invoke the print dialog:

XAML

<telerik:RadButton xmlns:extensions="clr-namespace:Telerik.Windows.Controls.Diagrams.Extensions;assembly=Telerik.Windows.Controls.Diagrams.Extensions"
                Content="Print" 
                Command="extensions:DiagramExtensionCommands.Print" 
                CommandTarget="{Binding ElementName=diagram}" 
                HorizontalAlignment="Center" 
                VerticalAlignment="Center"/>              

You need to keep in mind that the Print command can only be executed on a RadDiagram, populated with DiagramItems.

Pages Preview Canvas

With the Q1 2013 release, RadDiagram supports pages preview canvas. The pages background is enabled by default but you can control its visibility and appearance through the following set of attached properties:

  • BackgroundPageGrid.IsGridVisible - this is a Boolean property that controls the visibility of the page preview canvas. Its default value is True.

  • BackgroundPageGrid.PageSize - this property is of type Size and it determines the size that describes a single page in the RadDiagram surface. The default value of the property is a size of 1092x763 units - the size of an A4 page format.

  • BackgroundPageGrid.LineStroke - this property is of type Brush and it specifies how the pages outline is painted.

  • BackgroundPageGrid.LineStrokeDashArray - this property gets or sets a collection of Double values that indicate the pattern of dashes and gaps that is used to outline the pages.

  • BackgroundPageGrid.LineStrokeThickness - this property is of type double and it gets or sets the thickness of the lines that visualize the pages.

The BackgroundPageGrid attached properties are defined in the Telerik.Windows.Controls.Diagrams.Primitives namespace. This is why in order to use them you need to add a using statement for that namespace in code-behind or define an alias in XAML: xmlns:primitives="clr-namespace:Telerik.Windows.Controls.Diagrams.Primitives;assembly=Telerik.Windows.Controls.Diagrams".

The default look and size of the page preview canvas is demonstrated in the next snapshot:

The PagesPreview canvas in a zoomed RadDiagram
Rad Diagram Features Zoomed Pages

And in order to modify it, you can change some or all of the previously described properties:

XAML

<telerik:RadDiagram primitives:BackgroundPageGrid.LineStroke="Red"
                    primitives:BackgroundPageGrid.LineStrokeDashArray="2 2"
                    primitives:BackgroundPageGrid.LineStrokeThickness="4"
                    primitives:BackgroundPageGrid.PageSize="200 200"/>        

Customized PagesPreview canvas

Rad Diagram Features Custom Pages

The RadDiagram exposes an IsBackgroundSurfaceVisible property that determines the visibility of the background surface and the pages preview canvas at the same time. It is important to have this in mind when considering whether to set the IsBackgroundSurfaceVisible to False.

RadDiagramPrintPreview

With the official release of the RadDiagrams, Telerik an Extensions assembly to the diagrams assembly. The purpose of this assembly is to provide predefined Diagramming tools and controls to facilitate your efforts when creating Diagramming solution. One of the controls provided by the Telerik.Windows.Controls.Diagrams.Extensions assembly is the RadDiagramPrintPreview control.

You can find more information about the Extensions provided by Telerik RadDiagrams here. Also, please keep in mind that in order to take advantage of the controls provided in the assembly, you have to reference the following dlls in your project as well:

  • Telerik.Windows.Controls.Navigation
  • Telerik.Windows.Controls.Input

The RadDiagramPrintPreview is a stand-alone control which you can use to preview your RadDiagram print document before printing it. You can also use it to choose the printer and the settings of the pages. Usually the control is used in a Window dialog and this is why the next example illustrates how to wrap the control in a RadWindow dialog.

XAML

<Grid x:Name="LayoutRoot" 
      xmlns:extensions="clr-namespace:Telerik.Windows.Controls.Diagrams.Extensions;assembly=Telerik.Windows.Controls.Diagrams.Extensions">
    <Grid.Resources>
       ...
    </Grid.Resources>
    <Grid.RowDefinitions>
        <RowDefinition Height="50" />
        <RowDefinition Height="*" />
    </Grid.RowDefinitions>
    <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
        <telerik:RadButton Content="PrintPreview" HorizontalAlignment="Center" VerticalAlignment="Center" Click="OpenPrintPreview"/>
        <telerik:RadButton Content="Print" Command="extensions:DiagramExtensionCommands.Print" CommandTarget="{Binding ElementName=diagram}" HorizontalAlignment="Center" VerticalAlignment="Center" />
    </StackPanel>

    <telerik:RadDiagram x:Name="diagram" Grid.Row="1"
                        ConnectionStyle="{StaticResource pascalEdgeStyle}"
                        ShapeStyle="{StaticResource pascalNodeStyle}" />
</Grid>

C#

private void OpenPrintPreview(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
    var printPreviewWindow = new Telerik.Windows.Controls.RadWindow();
    var printPreview = new RadDiagramPrintPreview { Diagram = this.diagram};
    printPreviewWindow.Content = printPreview;
    printPreviewWindow.ResizeMode = ResizeMode.NoResize;
    printPreviewWindow.Width = 800;
    printPreviewWindow.Height = 600;
    printPreviewWindow.ShowDialog();
}   

VB.NET

Private Sub OpenPrintPreview(sender As Object, e As RoutedEventArgs)
    Dim printPreviewWindow = New Telerik.Windows.Controls.RadWindow()
    Dim printPreview = New RadDiagramPrintPreview() With { .Diagram = Me.diagram }
    printPreviewWindow.Content = printPreview
    printPreviewWindow.ResizeMode = ResizeMode.NoResize
    printPreviewWindow.Width = 800
    printPreviewWindow.Height = 600
    printPreviewWindow.ShowDialog()
End Sub

If you run this sample and hit the PrintPreview button, the following PrintPreview dialog will open:
Rad Diagram Features Printing PrintPreview

RadDiagramPrintPreview Properties

The RadDiagramPrintPreview control exposes the following properties:

  • Diagram - this property is of type RadDiagram and it determines the Diagramming object that should be printed

  • ItemStyle - this property allows you to create a custom style for the RadDiagramPrintPreviewItem which basically represents a page of the diagram print document.
    You can edit its default settings in Blend, if you select the RadDiagramPrintPreview object in the Objects and Timeline pane and then choose from the Object menu *Edit AdditionalStyles->Edit ItemStyle->Eit a Copy.... * The default structure of the RadDiagramPrintPreviewItem ControlTemplate is as follows:

    Rad Diagram Features Printing ItemStyle

RadDiagramPrintPreview Methods and Events

The RadDiagramPrintPreview control exposes the following events:

  • PreviewPrint - occurs when a print operation is about to begin
  • Printed - occurs when the print operation is over

The control also exposes a Print(string title) method which has one required attribute - the name of the printing job.