Style TreeView Item Pprent node and child nodes when expanding the node

Environment

Product Version
Product TreeView for Xamarin

Description

The purpose of this help article is to show you how to style the treeview item when tapping on it.

Solution

The solution is using the TreeView ItemExpand and ItemCollapsed events, iterating over all the children of a node and set the color for the childe node and expanded item.

Here is the implementation:

RadTreeView definition

<ContentPage.Resources>
    <treeView:LevelToMarginConverter x:Key="levelToMarginConverter" />
</ContentPage.Resources>
<Grid>
    <telerikDataControls:RadTreeView  x:Name="treeView"
                                ItemsSource="{Binding Source}"                                  
                                ItemCollapsed="TreeView_OnItemCollapsed" 
                                ItemExpanded="TreeView_OnItemExpanded"
                                NativeControlLoaded="TreeView_OnNativeControlLoaded">
        <telerikDataControls:TreeViewDescriptor DisplayMemberPath="Name"
                                        ItemsSourcePath="Cities"
                                        TargetType="{x:Type local:Country}">
            <telerikDataControls:TreeViewDescriptor.ItemTemplate>
                <DataTemplate>
                    <Grid  BackgroundColor="{Binding Item.HighlightColor}">
                        <Grid Margin="{Binding Path=Level, Converter={StaticResource levelToMarginConverter}}"
                                HeightRequest="40">
                            <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                                <ColumnDefinition Width="10"/>
                                <ColumnDefinition  />
                            </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                            <treeView:ExpandCollapseIndicator FontSize="Medium"
                                                                WidthRequest="10"
                                                                VerticalTextAlignment="Center"
                                                                IsLoading="{Binding Path=IsLoading}"
                                                                IsLoadOnDemandEnabled="{Binding Path=IsLoadOnDemandEnabled}"
                                                                IsExpanded="{Binding Path=IsExpanded}"
                                                                IsLeaf="{Binding Path=IsLeaf}">
                            </treeView:ExpandCollapseIndicator>

                            <treeView:ItemText Grid.Column="1"
                                                VerticalOptions="Center"
                                                Text="{Binding Item.Name}" />
                        </Grid>
                    </Grid>
                </DataTemplate>
            </telerikDataControls:TreeViewDescriptor.ItemTemplate>
        </telerikDataControls:TreeViewDescriptor>
        <telerikDataControls:TreeViewDescriptor DisplayMemberPath="Name" 
                                        TargetType="{x:Type local:City}">
            <telerikDataControls:TreeViewDescriptor.ItemTemplate>
                <DataTemplate>
                    <Grid BackgroundColor="{Binding Item.HighlightColor}">
                        <Grid Margin="{Binding Path=Level, Converter={StaticResource levelToMarginConverter}}" HeightRequest="40">
                            <treeView:ItemText Margin="8,0,0,0"
                                                VerticalOptions="Center"
                                                Text="{Binding Item.Name}" />
                        </Grid>
                    </Grid>
                </DataTemplate>
            </telerikDataControls:TreeViewDescriptor.ItemTemplate>
        </telerikDataControls:TreeViewDescriptor>
    </telerikDataControls:RadTreeView>
</Grid>

You will need to add the following namespaces

xmlns:telerikDataControls="clr-namespace:Telerik.XamarinForms.DataControls;assembly=Telerik.XamarinForms.DataControls" 
xmlns:treeView="clr-namespace:Telerik.XamarinForms.DataControls.TreeView;assembly=Telerik.XamarinForms.DataControls"        

The native control loaded event:

private async void TreeView_OnNativeControlLoaded(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    await Task.Delay(300);

    treeView.CollapseAll();

    isTreeViewReady = true;
}

ItemCollapsed and ItemExpanded events implementation:

private void TreeView_OnItemExpanded(object sender, TreeViewItemEventArgs e)
{
    if (!isTreeViewReady)
        return;

    if (e.Item is HighlightableTreeViewItemBase item)
    {
        item.HighlightColor = Color.Yellow;

        // NOTE: You will need a recursive helper if this goes any deeper than Country -> City
        if (item is Country country)
        {
            foreach (var child in country.Cities)
            {
                child.HighlightColor = Color.Yellow;
            }
        }
    }
}

private void TreeView_OnItemCollapsed(object sender, TreeViewItemEventArgs e)
{
    if (!isTreeViewReady)
        return;

    if (e.Item is HighlightableTreeViewItemBase item)
    {
        item.HighlightColor = Color.Transparent;

        // NOTE: You will need a recursive helper if this goes any deeper than Country -> City
        if (item is Country country)
        {
            foreach (var child in country.Cities)
            {
                child.HighlightColor = Color.Transparent;
            }
        }
    }
}

The ViewModel

public class ViewModel
{
    public ObservableCollection<Country> Source { get; set; }

    public ViewModel()
    {
        this.Source = new ObservableCollection<Country>
        {
            new Country
            {
                Name = "Italy",
                HighlightColor = Color.Transparent,
                Cities = new ObservableCollection<City> {new City {Name = "Rome", HighlightColor = Color.Transparent}, new City {Name = "Milano", HighlightColor = Color.Transparent}}
            },
            new Country
            {
                Name = "Germany",
                HighlightColor = Color.Transparent,
                Cities = new ObservableCollection<City> {new City {Name = "Berlin", HighlightColor = Color.Transparent}, new City {Name = "Frankfurt", HighlightColor = Color.Transparent}}
            },
            new Country
            {
                Name = "India", HighlightColor = Color.Transparent,
                Cities = new ObservableCollection<City> {new City {Name = "Mumbai", HighlightColor = Color.Transparent}}
            },
            new Country
            {
                Name = "Argentina", HighlightColor = Color.Transparent, Cities = new ObservableCollection<City> {new City {Name = "Buenos Aires", HighlightColor = Color.Transparent}}
            },
            new Country
            {
                Name = "USA",
                HighlightColor = Color.Transparent,
                Cities = new ObservableCollection<City>
                {
                    new City {Name = "Miami", HighlightColor = Color.Transparent},
                    new City {Name = "New York", HighlightColor = Color.Transparent},
                    new City {Name = "Los Angeles", HighlightColor = Color.Transparent}
                }
            }
        };
    }
}

The Business Model Used:

public class HighlightableTreeViewItemBase : NotifyPropertyChangedBase
{
    private Color highlightColor;
    public Color HighlightColor
    {
        get => highlightColor;
        set => UpdateValue(ref highlightColor, value);
    }
}

public class Country : HighlightableTreeViewItemBase
{
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public ObservableCollection<City> Cities { get; set; }
}

public class City : HighlightableTreeViewItemBase
{
    public string Name { get; set; }
}
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