Change Background for Disabled Grid Elements

The goal of this tutorial is to show you how to customize the look of disabled GridViewCell elements. The approaches for doing so differ depending on whether you are using the older themes (which use visual states) or the newer ones (which use triggers).

Changing the Background for Disabled GridViewCells in Newer Themes

In the newer themes, you can create a style targeting GridViewCell and add a trigger, which sets its Background when the cell is disabled. A sample style is demonstrated in Example 1.

Example 1: Styling Disabled GridViewCells

<Application.Resources> 
    <!--If you are using the NoXaml dlls, you will have to base the style on the default one like so--> 
    <!--<Style TargetType="telerik:GridViewCell" BasedOn="{StaticResource GridViewCellStyle}">--> 
 
    <Style TargetType="telerik:GridViewCell"> 
        <Style.Triggers> 
            <Trigger Property="IsEnabled" Value="False"> 
                <Setter Property="Background" Value="Red" /> 
            </Trigger> 
        </Style.Triggers> 
    </Style> 
</Application.Resources> 

Changing the Background for Disabled GridViewCells in Older Themes

In older themes, you need to extract the ControlTemplate of the GridViewCell. You can then modify the Disabled VisualState as well as the Background_Disabled Border element to your liking.

In Example 2 we've changed the ControlTemplate so that all disabled cells have a fully opaque red background as illustrated in Figure 1.

You should make sure to extract the ControlTemplate for the theme that you are using.

Example 2: Modifying the Disabled visual state and Background_Disabled element

<ControlTemplate x:Key="GridViewCellTemplate" TargetType="telerik:GridViewCell"> 
    <Grid> 
        <VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups> 
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="SelectionStates"> 
                <VisualState x:Name="Unselected"/> 
                <VisualState x:Name="Selected"> 
                    <Storyboard> 
                        <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Background_Selected" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Visibility"> 
                            <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0"> 
                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value> 
                                    <Visibility>Visible</Visibility> 
                                </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value> 
                            </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame> 
                        </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames> 
                    </Storyboard> 
                </VisualState> 
            </VisualStateGroup> 
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="CommonStates"> 
                <VisualState x:Name="Normal"/> 
                <VisualState x:Name="Current"> 
                    <Storyboard> 
                        <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Background_Current" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Visibility"> 
                            <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0"> 
                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value> 
                                    <Visibility>Visible</Visibility> 
                                </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value> 
                            </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame> 
                        </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames> 
                    </Storyboard> 
                </VisualState> 
                <VisualState x:Name="MouseOver"> 
                    <Storyboard> 
                        <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Background_Over" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Visibility"> 
                            <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0"> 
                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value> 
                                    <Visibility>Visible</Visibility> 
                                </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value> 
                            </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame> 
                        </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames> 
                    </Storyboard> 
                </VisualState> 
            </VisualStateGroup> 
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="EditingStates"> 
                <VisualState x:Name="Edited"> 
                    <Storyboard> 
                        <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="PART_ContentPresenter" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Margin"> 
                            <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0"> 
                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value> 
                                    <Thickness>0</Thickness> 
                                </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value> 
                            </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame> 
                        </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames> 
                        <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="PART_ContentPresenter" Storyboard.TargetProperty="VerticalAlignment"> 
                            <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0"> 
                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value> 
                                    <VerticalAlignment>Stretch</VerticalAlignment> 
                                </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value> 
                            </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame> 
                        </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames> 
                        <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="PART_CellBorder" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Background"> 
                            <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0:0:0" Value="{StaticResource GridView_CellBackground_Edited}"/> 
                        </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames> 
                    </Storyboard> 
                </VisualState> 
                <VisualState x:Name="Display"/> 
            </VisualStateGroup> 
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="DisabledStates"> 
                <VisualState x:Name="Enabled"/> 
                <VisualState x:Name="Disabled"> 
                    <Storyboard> 
                        <DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="PART_CellBorder" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Opacity"> 
                            <DiscreteDoubleKeyFrame KeyTime="0:0:0" Value="0"/> 
                        </DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames> 
                        <DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="PART_ContentPresenter" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Opacity"> 
                            <DiscreteDoubleKeyFrame KeyTime="0:0:0" Value="1"/> 
                        </DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames> 
                        <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Background_Disabled" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Visibility"> 
                            <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0"> 
                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value> 
                                    <Visibility>Visible</Visibility> 
                                </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value> 
                            </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame> 
                        </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames> 
                    </Storyboard> 
                </VisualState> 
            </VisualStateGroup> 
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="ValueStates"> 
                <VisualState x:Name="CellValid"/> 
                <VisualState x:Name="CellInvalid"> 
                    <Storyboard> 
                        <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Background_Invalid" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Visibility"> 
                            <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0"> 
                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value> 
                                    <Visibility>Visible</Visibility> 
                                </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value> 
                            </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame> 
                        </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames> 
                    </Storyboard> 
                </VisualState> 
                <VisualState x:Name="CellInvalidUnfocused"> 
                    <Storyboard> 
                        <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Background_Invalid_Unfocused" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Visibility"> 
                            <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0"> 
                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value> 
                                    <Visibility>Visible</Visibility> 
                                </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value> 
                            </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame> 
                        </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames> 
                    </Storyboard> 
                </VisualState> 
            </VisualStateGroup> 
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="HighlightStates"> 
                <VisualState x:Name="NotHighlighted"/> 
                <VisualState x:Name="Highlighted"> 
                    <Storyboard> 
                        <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Duration="0" Storyboard.TargetName="PART_CellBorder" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Background"> 
                            <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{StaticResource GridViewCell_HightlightedBrush}"/> 
                        </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames> 
                    </Storyboard> 
                </VisualState> 
            </VisualStateGroup> 
        </VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups> 
        <Border x:Name="PART_CellBorder" 
        Background="{Binding Background, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" 
        BorderBrush="{TemplateBinding VerticalGridLinesBrush}" 
        BorderThickness="{Binding VerticalGridLinesWidth, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}, Converter={StaticResource GridLineWidthToThicknessConverter}, ConverterParameter=Right}"/> 
        <Border x:Name="Background_Over" 
        Margin="1 1 2 2" 
        BorderThickness="1" 
        CornerRadius="1" 
        BorderBrush="{StaticResource ItemOuterBorder_Over}" 
        Grid.Column="2" 
        Grid.ColumnSpan="2" 
        Visibility="Collapsed"> 
            <Border BorderThickness="1" BorderBrush="{StaticResource ItemInnerBorder_Over}" Background="{StaticResource ItemBackground_Over}"/> 
        </Border> 
        <Border x:Name="Background_Selected" 
        Margin="1 1 2 2" 
        BorderThickness="1" 
        CornerRadius="1" 
        BorderBrush="{StaticResource ItemOuterBorder_Selected}" 
        Grid.Column="2" 
        Grid.ColumnSpan="2" 
        Visibility="Collapsed"> 
            <Border BorderThickness="1" BorderBrush="{StaticResource ItemInnerBorder_Selected}" Background="{StaticResource ItemBackground_Selected}"/> 
        </Border> 
        <Border x:Name="Background_Current" 
        Margin="1 1 2 2" 
        BorderThickness="1" 
        CornerRadius="1" 
        BorderBrush="{StaticResource ControlOuterBorder}" 
        Grid.Column="2" 
        Grid.ColumnSpan="2" 
        Visibility="Collapsed"/> 
        <Border x:Name="Background_Invalid" 
        Background="{StaticResource ItemBackground}" 
        Margin="1 1 2 2" 
        BorderThickness="1" 
        CornerRadius="1" 
        BorderBrush="{StaticResource ControlOuterBorder_Invalid}" 
        Grid.Column="2" 
        Grid.ColumnSpan="2" 
        Visibility="Collapsed"> 
            <ToolTipService.ToolTip> 
                <ToolTip x:Name="validationTooltip" Placement="Right" Content="{TemplateBinding Errors}" Template="{StaticResource GridViewCell_ValidationToolTipTemplate}"/> 
            </ToolTipService.ToolTip> 
            <Grid Height="12" HorizontalAlignment="Right" Margin="1 -4 -4 0" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="12" Background="Transparent"> 
                <Path Fill="{StaticResource ControlOuterBorder_Invalid}" Margin="1 3 0 0" Data="M 1,0 L6,0 A 2,2 90 0 1 8,2 L8,7 z"/> 
                <Path Fill="{StaticResource ControlInnerBorder_Invalid}" Margin="1 3 0 0" Data="M 0,0 L2,0 L 8,6 L8,8"/> 
            </Grid> 
        </Border> 
        <Border x:Name="Background_Invalid_Unfocused" 
        Margin="1 1 1 2" 
        BorderThickness="1" 
        CornerRadius="1" 
        Visibility="Collapsed" 
        BorderBrush="{StaticResource ItemOuterBorder_Invalid}" 
        Grid.Column="2" 
        Grid.ColumnSpan="2" 
        Opacity="1"> 
            <Border BorderThickness="1" BorderBrush="{StaticResource ItemInnerBorder_Invalid}" Background="{StaticResource ItemBackground_Invalid}"/> 
        </Border> 
        <Border x:Name="Background_Disabled" 
        BorderThickness="1" 
        Margin="0 0 1 1" 
        Background="Red" 
        BorderBrush="Red" 
        Grid.Column="2" 
        Grid.ColumnSpan="2" 
        Visibility="Collapsed"/> 
        <ContentPresenter x:Name="PART_ContentPresenter" 
        Margin="{TemplateBinding Padding}" 
        Content="{TemplateBinding Content}" 
        ContentTemplate="{TemplateBinding ContentTemplate}" 
        VerticalAlignment="{TemplateBinding VerticalContentAlignment}" 
        HorizontalAlignment="{TemplateBinding HorizontalContentAlignment}"/> 
    </Grid> 
</ControlTemplate> 
<Style BasedOn="{StaticResource GridViewCellStyle}" TargetType="telerik:GridViewCell"> 
    <Setter Property="Template" Value="{StaticResource GridViewCellTemplate}"/> 
 
    <!-- The IsEnabled property of the GridViewCell is bound to the IsChampion property of the model --> 
    <Setter Property="IsEnabled" Value="{Binding IsChampion}" /> 
</Style> 

Figure 1: Disabled GridViewCells with fully opaque background

Telerik Silverlight DataGrid-how-to-set-background-disabled-cell-1

Similarly, you can define the visual state in Example 3 so that there's no visual difference between enabled and disabled cells.

Example 3: No visual difference between enabled and disabled cells

<VisualState x:Name="Disabled"> 
    <Storyboard> 
        <DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="PART_CellBorder" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Opacity"> 
            <DiscreteDoubleKeyFrame KeyTime="0:0:0" Value="1"/> 
        </DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames> 
        <DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="PART_ContentPresenter" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Opacity"> 
            <DiscreteDoubleKeyFrame KeyTime="0:0:0" Value="1"/> 
        </DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames> 
    </Storyboard> 
</VisualState> 

Figure 2: Disabled GridViewCells with transparent background

Telerik Silverlight DataGrid-how-to-set-background-disabled-cell-2

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